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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No.          )

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Definitive Proxy Statement

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Soliciting Material under §240.14a-12

 

Douglas Dynamics, Inc.

(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

 

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LOGO

Douglas Dynamics, Inc.
7777 N. 73rd Street
Milwaukee, WI 53223

NOTICE OF 2019 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS

To the Stockholders of Douglas Dynamics, Inc.:

        On behalf of our Board of Directors, you are cordially invited to attend our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be held on Tuesday, April 30, 2019, at 2:00 p.m. (Central Time) at the Douglas Dynamics Distribution Center located at 7611 N. 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223, for the following purposes:

        Our Board of Directors has fixed the close of business on March 8, 2019 as the record date for the determination of the stockholders entitled to notice of, and to vote at, our annual meeting. A proxy statement and proxy card are enclosed. Whether or not you expect to attend our annual meeting, it is important that you promptly complete, sign, date and mail the proxy card in the enclosed envelope so that you may vote your shares. If you hold your shares in a brokerage account, you should be aware that, if you do not instruct your broker how to vote within 10 days prior to the annual meeting, your broker will not be permitted to vote your shares for the election of directors, on the advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers.

        Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Stockholder Meeting to Be Held on April 30, 2019. The Douglas Dynamics, Inc. proxy statement for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and the 2018 Annual Report to Stockholders are available at http://ir.douglasdynamics.com/financial-information.

    By order of the Board of Directors,
    GRAPHIC

 

Sarah C. Lauber
Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
March 29, 2019


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Notice of 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders

  Cover

Proxy Statement

 
1

Attendance and Voting Matters

 
1

Election of Directors (Proposal 1)

 
3

Corporate Governance

 
5

Stock Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

 
13

Executive Compensation

 
15

Compensation Committee Report

 
43

Advisory Vote on the Compensation of Our Named Executive Officers (Proposal 2)

 
44

Audit Committee Report

 
45

Ratification of Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (Proposal 3)

 
46

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 
47

Stockholder Proposals

 
47

Cost of Proxy Solicitation

 
47

Other Matters

 
47

Annual Report

 
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PROXY STATEMENT
FOR 2019 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
TO BE HELD ON TUESDAY, APRIL 30, 2019


ATTENDANCE AND VOTING MATTERS

        Douglas Dynamics, Inc. ("we", "our", "us" or "Company"), a Delaware corporation, is mailing this proxy statement and the accompanying form of proxy to stockholders in connection with a solicitation of proxies by our Board of Directors ("Board") for use at our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders to be held on Tuesday, April 30, 2019 at 2:00 p.m. (Central Time) at the Douglas Dynamics Distribution Center located at 7611 N. 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223, and all adjournments or postponements thereof ("Annual Meeting"), for the purposes set forth in the attached Notice of 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange LLC ("NYSE") under the symbol PLOW.

Voting at Our Annual Meeting

        Execution of a proxy given in response to this solicitation will not affect a stockholder's right to attend our Annual Meeting and to vote in person. Presence at our Annual Meeting of a stockholder who has signed a proxy does not in itself revoke that proxy. Any stockholder giving a proxy may revoke it at any time before or at the Annual Meeting by giving notice thereof to us in writing, by attending our Annual Meeting and voting in person or by delivering a proxy bearing a later date.

Voting by Proxy

        You may arrange to vote your shares by proxy or by mail following the instructions in the form of proxy card. If you choose to vote by mail, please complete your proxy card and return it to us before our Annual Meeting. We will vote your shares as you direct on your properly executed proxy card. The shares represented by executed but unmarked proxies will be voted (i) FOR the election to our Board of the nominees for director named below, (ii) FOR approval of the compensation of our named executive officers as disclosed in this proxy statement, (iii) FOR ratification of the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2019, and (iv) on such other business or matters as may properly come before our Annual Meeting in accordance with the best judgment of the persons named as proxies in the enclosed form of proxy. Other than the items noted above, our Board has no knowledge of any other matters to be presented for action by our stockholders at the Annual Meeting.

Who Can Vote and the Number of Votes You Have

        Only holders of record of our common stock at the close of business on March 8, 2019 ("Record Date") are entitled to notice of, and to vote at, our Annual Meeting. On the Record Date, 22,795,412 shares of our common stock were outstanding and entitled to vote. Each such share is entitled to one vote on each matter submitted for stockholder approval at our Annual Meeting.

        Participants in the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. 401(k) Plan (the "401(k) Plan") who have allocated amounts to the common stock fund in that Plan are entitled to instruct the trustee of the 401(k) Plan how to vote shares allocated to their accounts. To the extent participants do not provide timely directions to the trustee on how to vote the shares allocated to their accounts, the trustee will vote the shares with respect to which proper direction has not been received in the same proportion as those shares for which proper direction has been received.

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Required Vote

        Proposal 1:    Directors are elected by a plurality of the votes cast at our Annual Meeting. To be elected by a "plurality" of the votes cast means that the individuals who receive the largest number of votes are elected as directors. Therefore, any shares not voted, whether by an indication on the proxy card that you wish to "withhold authority," by a broker non-vote (which may occur because brokers or other nominees who hold shares for you do not have the discretionary authority to vote your uninstructed shares in the election of directors) or otherwise, have no effect in the election of directors except to the extent that the failure to vote for an individual results in another individual receiving a larger number of votes.

        Proposal 2:    The affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of our common stock represented and entitled to vote at our Annual Meeting is required to approve the advisory vote on compensation of our named executive officers. Consequently, broker non-votes will have no effect on approval of the resolution, but abstentions will act as a vote against approval of the resolution. Because your vote is advisory, it will not be binding on the Board or the Company. However, the Compensation Committee will review the voting results and take them into consideration when making future decisions regarding executive compensation.

        Proposal 3:    The affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of our common stock represented and entitled to vote at our Annual Meeting is required for ratification of the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP to serve as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2019. Consequently, broker non-votes will have no effect on approval of these matters, but abstentions will act as a vote against their approval.

        A quorum of stockholders is necessary to take action at our Annual Meeting. A majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock entitled to vote, represented in person or by proxy, will constitute a quorum of stockholders at our Annual Meeting. Votes cast by proxy or in person at our Annual Meeting will be tabulated by the inspector of election appointed for our Annual Meeting. Our assistant corporate secretary will serve as the inspector of election for our Annual Meeting. For purposes of determining whether a quorum is present, abstentions and broker non-votes (which may occur because brokers or other nominees who hold shares for you do not have the discretionary authority to vote your uninstructed shares in the election of directors or with respect to the advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers) will count toward the quorum requirement. For purposes of the election of directors, abstentions will have the same effect as votes withheld. For purposes of the advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers and the proposal to ratify our independent registered accounting firm, abstentions will have the same effect as votes against.

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ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
(Proposal 1)

        Our Board currently consists of seven members. Our Board is divided into three classes for purposes of election. The director or directors in one class are generally elected at each annual meeting of stockholders to serve for a three-year term and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. The directors elected at our Annual Meeting will hold office for a three-year term expiring at our 2022 annual meeting of stockholders and until his successor is duly elected and qualified. Other than the three directors who are nominated for election at our Annual Meeting, our other directors are not up for election this year and will continue in office for the remainder of their terms.

        As of the date of this proxy statement, each of the nominees for election has indicated that he is able and willing to serve as a director. However, if some unexpected occurrence should require our Board to substitute some other person or persons for one or more of the nominees, it is intended that the shares represented by proxies received and voted for such other candidate or candidates, or not voted, will be voted for another nominee or nominees selected by our Board.

Nominees for Election at the Annual Meeting

        The following sets forth certain information, as of the Record Date, about the nominees for election at our Annual Meeting. Each of the nominees is currently a director of our Company.

Director Nominees for Terms Expiring in 2022

        Margaret S. Dano, 59, has been serving as a director since 2012. She also has served as a member of the board of directors and the governance and compensation committees of Neenah Paper Inc. (NYSE: NP) since April 2015 and in 2018 retired as the chairman of the board of directors of Superior Industries International, Inc. (NYSE: SUP), a designer and manufacturer of aluminum road wheels for sale to original equipment manufacturers, where she served as lead director since 2010 and as a member of the board of directors since 2007. Ms. Dano was Vice President, Worldwide Operations of Garrett Engine Boosting Systems, a division of Honeywell International, Inc., from June 2002 until her retirement from that position in 2005. From April 2002 to June 2002, she was Vice President, Global Operations, Automation and Controls Solutions of Honeywell. Before joining Honeywell, Ms. Dano served in executive or management roles with Avery Dennison Corporation, Black & Decker Corporation and General Electric Corporation. Ms. Dano has been a member of the board of directors of Industrial Container Services, a provider of reusable container solutions in the United States, since 2011, and currently serves as lead director and as a member of the compensation committee. She has served on the board of directors and the audit, compensation and governance committees of Fleetwood Enterprises, Inc., and on the board of directors and as lead director and chair of the compensation committee of Anthony International Equipment Services Corp. Ms. Dano's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include her leadership experience at publicly traded manufacturing companies and her background in the manufacturing industry as a member of senior management teams with responsibility for global operations.

        Donald W. Sturdivant, 58, has been serving as a director since 2010. Since September 2016, he has served as an operating partner with Snow Phipps Group, LLC, a private equity firm investing in middle market companies. Mr. Sturdivant previously served as the Chief Executive Officer of Fleetpride, Inc., an independent distributor of parts for heavy duty trucks and trailers, from June 2015 until April 2016. He previously served from February 2009 until March 2015 as Chief Executive Officer of Marietta Corporation, a manufacturer of hotel amenities for hotel chains in North America and provider of contract manufacturing to consumer packaged goods companies in both the personal care and household care markets. Prior to becoming Chief Executive Officer of Marietta Corporation, Mr. Sturdivant was Executive Vice President of Graphic Packaging International, Inc., a provider of

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paperboard packaging products to multinational food, beverage and other consumer products companies, from March 2008 until December 2008. He served as Senior Vice President, Consumer Packaging Division, of Graphics Packaging International, a predecessor to Graphic Packaging International, Inc., from 2003 to 2006, and as President, Performance Packaging Division, of Graphic Packaging Corporation, a predecessor to Graphic Packaging International, from 1999 to 2003. Mr. Sturdivant also was Chief Operating Officer of Altivity Packaging Corporation, another predecessor to Graphic Packaging International, Inc. from August 2006 to March 2008. Mr. Sturdivant's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include his leadership experience at several publicly held corporations and his background in the manufacturing industry as a member of senior management at a number of manufacturing companies.

        Robert L. McCormick, 58, has been serving as our President and Chief Executive Officer and as director since January 2019. Previously, Mr. McCormick served as our Chief Operating Officer from August 2017 until January 2019. Prior to becoming Chief Operating Officer, Mr. McCormick served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from September 2004 through August 2017, as our Secretary from May 2005 through August 2017, as our Assistant Secretary from September 2004 to May 2005 and as our Treasurer from September 2004 through December 2010. Prior to joining us, Mr. McCormick served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Xymox Technology Inc. from 2001 to 2004. Prior to that, Mr. McCormick served in various capacities in the Newell Rubbermaid Corporation, including President from 2000 to 2001 and Vice President Group Controller from 1997 to 2000. We believe that Mr. McCormick's experience in various leadership positions both inside and outside the Company, as well as his deep understanding of the Company's business, operations and strategy, qualify him to serve on our Board of Directors.

OUR BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE "FOR" EACH OF THE FOREGOING NOMINEES FOR ELECTION AS A DIRECTOR.

Directors Remaining in Office Until 2020

        James L. Janik, 62, has been serving as our Executive Chairman since January 2019 and as a director since 2004. Mr. Janik became our Chairman of the Board in 2014. Mr. Janik previously served as our President and Chief Executive Officer from 2004 until January 2019. Mr. Janik also served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Douglas Dynamics Incorporated, the entity that previously operated our business, from 2000 to 2004. Mr. Janik was Director of Sales of our Western Products division from 1992 to 1994, General Manager of our Western Products division from 1994 to 2000 and Vice President of Marketing and Sales from 1998 to 2000. Prior to joining us, Mr. Janik was the Vice President of Marketing and Sales of Sunlite Plastics Inc., a custom extruder of thermoplastic materials, for two years. During the 11 prior years, Mr. Janik held a number of key marketing, sales and production management positions for John Deere Company. Mr. Janik's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include his 24 years of experience at our Company, including his 18 years of experience as our and Douglas Dynamics Incorporated's President and Chief Executive Officer, as well as his depth of experience at businesses affected by weather-related seasonality. This experience, comprehensive knowledge of the snow and ice control equipment industry, and inside perspective of the day-to-day operations of the Company provides essential insight and guidance to our Board of Directors and qualifies him to serve as our Executive Chairman.

        James D. Staley, 69, has been serving as a director since 2010 and as our Lead Independent Director since our 2014 Annual Meeting. He retired in 2008 after more than 35 years of service with Roadway Express, Inc. ("Roadway"), a motor freight carrier company, and its successor company, YRC Worldwide, Inc. ("YRC"), a North American transportation service provider, which acquired Roadway in 2003. Mr. Staley joined Roadway in 1971 and during his years of service with that company and its successor company, YRC, served as Chief Executive Officer of the Regional Transportation Division of YRC from 2006 to 2007, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Roadway Division of

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YRC from 2004 to 2005, and in various management positions for Roadway from 1971 to 2003, including Vice President of the Northeastern Division from 1993 to 1994, Vice President of Operations from 1994 to 1998, and President and Chief Executive Officer of Roadway from 1998 to 2003. Mr. Staley currently serves on the Board of Directors of Roadrunner Transportation Systems, Inc. Mr. Staley's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include his leadership experience at a publicly held company and his background in the transportation industry as a member of senior management of a transportation service provider.

Directors Remaining in Office Until 2021

        James L. Packard, 76, has been serving as a director since 2010. He served as President of Regal-Beloit Corporation, a manufacturer of mechanical and electrical products, from 1980 until 2006, as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board from 1986 until 2005, and as Chairman of the Board through 2006, when he retired. Mr. Packard currently serves on the Board of Directors ABC Supply Co. Inc., First National Bank & Trust Company of Beloit and Center 1 Bancorp Inc. Mr. Packard also has previous board experience on the Board of Governors of the American Stock Exchange, the Boards of Directors of Gehl Company, Elco Corporation, Clarcor Inc. and The Manitowoc Company, Inc., and numerous manufacturing industry boards and associations. Mr. Packard's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include his more than 27 years of experience in senior management of a publicly-traded company, his experience as the chief executive officer of a manufacturing company and his many years of service on boards of directors and committees.

        Kenneth W. Krueger, 62, has been serving as a director since 2011. He also has served as Chairman of The Manitowoc Company, Inc., a capital goods manufacturer, since March 2016. Previously, he served as interim Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of The Manitowoc Company, Inc. from October 2015 through March 2016 and as a director and Chairman of the Audit Committee for that company from 2004 until October 2015. He also has served as a director of Albany International Corp., a global advanced textiles and materials processing company, since December 2016. From May 2006 until August 2009, Mr. Krueger was the Chief Operating Officer of Bucyrus International, Inc., a global mining equipment manufacturer headquartered in South Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Mr. Krueger also served as Bucyrus International, Inc.'s Executive Vice President from December 2005 until May 2006. Prior to joining Bucyrus International, Inc., Mr. Krueger was Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of A. O. Smith Corporation, a global manufacturer of water heaters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, from August 2000 until June 2005. Mr. Krueger's qualifications to serve on our Board of Directors include his leadership experience at a publicly traded company and his background in the manufacturing industry as a member of the senior management team at a global manufacturer of mining equipment.


CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Board Leadership Structure

        Our Board does not have a policy on whether the roles of Chief Executive Officer and Chairman should be separate. Our bylaws and Corporate Governance Guidelines provide us with the flexibility to combine or separate these roles, and our Board reserves the right to vest the responsibilities of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman in different individuals or in the same individual depending on our Board's judgment as to the best interests of our Company.

        Previously, Mr. Janik had served in the combined role of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. On January 1, 2019, Mr. Janik transitioned from his role as our Chief Executive Officer to our Executive Chairman and Mr. McCormick was appointed as our new Chief Executive Officer and as a member of our Board. As a part of this transition, our Board determined that it was in the best

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interests of our Company for the roles of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer to be separated. Our Board believes that Mr. Janik is the person best qualified to serve as our Executive Chairman in light of his having served as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, his extensive experience and qualifications with our Company and within our industry and in-depth knowledge of our markets and customer base. Our Board also believes that having Mr. Janik serve as our Executive Chairman will allow him to leverage his prior knowledge as our former Chief Executive Officer to provide strategic leadership on our Board while supporting Mr. McCormick's transition to the role of Chief Executive Officer.

        In the circumstance where the responsibilities of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman are vested in the same individual, or where the Chairman is not considered independent, the Board of Directors will designate a Lead Independent Director from among the independent directors to preside over the executive sessions of the non-employee directors. Mr. Staley has served as our Lead Independent Director since 2014. Mr. Staley was selected for this position because of his service on our Board since 2010, his leadership experience at a publicly held company and his background in the transportation industry as a member of senior management of a transportation service provider.

        Our Lead Independent Director's responsibilities, as set forth in our Corporate Governance Guidelines, include:

        Our Lead Independent Director also has the authority to call meetings of the independent directors.

        Our Board believes that this leadership structure currently assists our Board in creating a unified vision for our company, streamlines accountability for our performance and facilitates our Board's efficient and effective functioning.

Risk Management and Oversight

        Our full Board of Directors oversees our risk management process. Our Board oversees a company-wide approach to risk management, carried out by management. Our full Board determines the appropriate risk for our company generally, assesses the specific risks we face, including cyber security risks, and reviews the steps taken by management to manage those risks.

        While the full Board maintains the ultimate oversight responsibility for the risk management process, its committees oversee risk in certain specified areas. In particular, our Compensation Committee is responsible for overseeing the management of risks relating to the Company's executive compensation plans and arrangements and the incentives created by the compensation awards it administers. Our Audit Committee oversees management of enterprise risks as well as financial risks and is also responsible for overseeing potential conflicts of interests. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for overseeing the management of risks associated with the independence of the Board of Directors. Pursuant to the Board's instruction, management regularly

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reports on applicable risks to the relevant committee or the full Board, as appropriate, with additional review or reporting on risks conducted as needed or as requested by the Board and its committees.

Environmental, Social and Governance Matters

        We believe that sound corporate citizenship and attention to environmental, social and governance ("ESG") principles are essential to our success. We are committed to operating with integrity, contributing to the local communities surrounding our offices and facilities, promoting diversity and inclusion, developing our employees, focusing on sustainability and being thoughtful environmental stewards. Our Board provides oversight of management's efforts around these ESG topics and is committed to supporting the Company's efforts to operate as a sound corporate citizen. We believe that an integrated approach to business strategy, corporate governance and corporate citizenship creates long-term value. Among the ways in which we have demonstrated our commitment to ESG matters are the following:

Board Meetings

        Our Board held six meetings in 2018 and the non-management directors of our Board met in executive session six times in 2018. Each of the directors currently serving on our Board attended at least 75% of the aggregate of the number of meetings of the Board held in 2018 and the total number of meetings held by each committee of the Board on which such director served during the period in which the director served on the Board or the applicable committee in 2018. We strongly encourage our directors to attend the annual meeting of stockholders each year. All of our directors attended the annual meeting of stockholders in 2018.

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Corporate Governance and Independent Directors

        Our Board has in effect Corporate Governance Guidelines that, in conjunction with the Board committee charters, establish processes and procedures to help ensure effective and responsive governance by the Board. The Corporate Governance Guidelines are available, free of charge, on our website, www.douglasdynamics.com. Our website address is provided as an inactive textual reference only. The information contained on our website is not incorporated into, and does not form a part of, this proxy statement or any other report or document on file with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

        The Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that a majority of the members of the Board must be independent directors under the listing standards of the NYSE. An "independent" director is a director who meets the NYSE definition of independence, as determined by the Board. Pursuant to the Guidelines and the requirements of the NYSE, the Board has affirmatively determined by resolution that none of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant or Krueger or Ms. Dano has any material relationship with the Company, and, therefore, each is independent in accordance with the NYSE listing standards. The Board will regularly review the continuing independence of the directors.

Communications with the Board

        Interested persons may contact any individual director, the Board as a group, or a specified Board committee or group, including the independent directors as a group, by sending a written communication to the Company's Corporate Secretary at Douglas Dynamics, Inc., 7777 North 73rd Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53223. Each communication should specify the applicable addressee or addressees as well as the general topic of communication. The Board has instructed the Corporate Secretary to review such correspondence and, in her discretion, not to forward items if she deems them to be of a commercial or frivolous nature or otherwise inappropriate. Concerns about questionable accounting or audit matters or possible violations of the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethics should be reported pursuant to the procedures outlined in the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. A copy of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our website (www.douglasdynamics.com).

Board Committees

        Our Board has three standing committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee and a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Each of these committees has the responsibilities set forth in formal written charters adopted by our Board. Copies of each of these charters are available on our website (www.douglasdynamics.com).

        The Audit Committee is comprised of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant and Krueger and Ms. Dano, and is chaired by Mr. Krueger. Our Board has determined that Mr. Krueger is an "audit committee financial expert" as defined by the SEC. This committee is generally responsible for the appointment, compensation, retention and oversight of our independent registered public accounting firm; evaluation of our independent registered public accounting firm's qualifications, independence and performance; review and approval of the scope of our annual audit and audit fee; review of our critical accounting policies and estimates; review of the results of our annual audit and our quarterly consolidated financial statements; and oversight of our internal audit function. The Audit Committee met four times during 2018.

        In accordance with Rule 10A-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") and the listing standards of the NYSE, all of our Audit Committee members are independent within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the listing standards of the NYSE.

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        The Compensation Committee is comprised of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant and Krueger and Ms. Dano, and is chaired by Mr. Sturdivant. This committee is generally responsible for oversight of our overall compensation structure, policies and programs; review and approval of the compensation programs applicable to our executive officers; administering, reviewing and making recommendations with respect to our equity compensation plans; and reviewing succession planning for our executive officers. The Compensation Committee met four times during 2018. In accordance with the listing standards of the NYSE, all of our Compensation Committee members are independent within the meaning the listing standards of the NYSE.

        Our Compensation Committee's role and duties are set forth in the Compensation Committee's charter. Among other things, the Compensation Committee has responsibility to do the following:

        Under its charter, the Compensation Committee may delegate authority to a subcommittee consisting of no fewer than two members of the Compensation Committee. The Compensation

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Committee has not delegated its authority as it relates to the compensation of executive officers and does not currently intend to do so. Our executive officers do not currently play a direct role in determining the amount or form of executive officer or director compensation. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, however, attend meetings (other than executive sessions) of the Compensation Committee at the invitation of the Compensation Committee, make recommendations to the Compensation Committee concerning compensation of our executive officers (other than themselves) and assist the Compensation Committee in evaluating the performance of our executive officers (other than themselves).

        The Compensation Committee has the authority under its charter to retain, obtain the advice of and terminate compensation consultants, outside counsel, other experts and other advisors to assist it. It may, however, select such advisors only after taking into consideration all factors relevant to the advisors' independence from management, including those specified in the NYSE Listed Company Manual. The Compensation Committee is directly responsible for the appointment, compensation and oversight of the work of any advisor retained by the Compensation Committee, and we provide for appropriate funding, as determined by the Compensation Committee, for payment of reasonable compensation to advisors retained by the Compensation Committee.

        The Compensation Committee has engaged an independent compensation consultant, Frederic W. Cook & Co, Inc. ("FW Cook"), to provide advice in connection with its decisions regarding executive compensation, as described in further detail under "Executive Compensation—Compensation Discussion and Analysis." In 2018, the Committee engaged FW Cook to provide advice concerning the design of our executive compensation programs, the Committee's administration of those programs and market practice concerning compensation for the executive chair position. The Compensation Committee has assessed the independence of FW Cook pursuant to SEC rules and NYSE listing standards and concluded that FW Cook's work for the Compensation Committee does not raise any conflict of interest. Except for this engagement, the Compensation Committee did not otherwise retain a compensation consultant for purposes of determining executive officer and director compensation for 2018, and FW Cook did not provide any other services to our company.

        The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is comprised of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant and Krueger and Ms. Dano, and is chaired by Ms. Dano. This committee is generally responsible for recruiting and retaining qualified persons to serve on our Board of Directors, including proposing such individuals to our Board of Directors for nomination for election as directors; evaluating the performance, size and composition of our Board of Directors; establishing procedures for the consideration of Board of Director candidates recommended by the Company's stockholders; assessing the independence of each member of our Board of Directors; reviewing the compensation of directors for service on our Board of Directors and its committees and recommend to the full Board changes in compensation; and overseeing our compliance activities. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met four times during 2018.

        The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee identifies nominees for director based upon suggestions by non-employee directors, management members or stockholders. The selection criteria for membership on our Board include, at a minimum, the following: (i) personal and professional ethics and integrity; (ii) specific business experience and competence, including an assessment of whether the candidate has experience in, and possesses an understanding of, business issues applicable to the success of a publicly-traded company; (iii) financial acumen, including whether the candidate, through education or experience, has an understanding of financial matters and the preparation and analysis of financial statements; (iv) educational background; and (v) whether the candidate has expressed a willingness to devote sufficient time to carrying out his or her duties and responsibilities effectively and is committed to service on the Board. The Committee considers these

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criteria in the context of the perceived needs of the Board as whole and seeks to achieve a diversity of experience, opinion and occupational and personal backgrounds on the Board.

        The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will consider director candidates recommended by our stockholders based upon the same criteria as applied to candidates identified by our Board or our management. Recommendations should be directed to the committee in care of our Corporate Secretary. Under our Bylaws, stockholder nominations of directors must be received by us at 7777 N. 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223, directed to the attention of the Corporate Secretary, not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting of stockholders and any such nominations must contain the information specified in our Bylaws. The deadline for submission of nominations for the Annual Meeting has passed. Candidate submissions by stockholders for our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders must be received by us no later than January 31, 2020 and no earlier than January 1, 2020.

Policies and Procedures Governing Related Person Transactions

        Our Board has adopted written policies and procedures regarding related person transactions. These policies and procedures require the review and approval of all transactions involving us or any of our subsidiaries and a related person in which (i) the aggregate amount involved will or may be expected to exceed $120,000 in any fiscal year and (ii) a related person has or will have a direct or indirect interest (other than solely as a result of being a director or less than 10% beneficial owner of another entity) prior to entering into such transaction.

        For purposes of the policy, related persons include our directors, executive officers, 5% or greater stockholders and parties related to the foregoing, such as immediate family members and entities they control. In reviewing such transactions, the policy requires our Audit Committee to consider all of the relevant facts and circumstances available to the Audit Committee, including the extent of the related person's interest in the transaction and whether the relationship should be continued or eliminated. In determining whether to approve a related party transaction, the standard applied by the Audit Committee is whether the transaction is on terms no less favorable than terms generally available to an unaffiliated third party under the same or similar circumstances and whether or not a particular relationship serves the best interest of our company and our stockholders. In addition, the policy delegates to the chair of the Audit Committee the authority to pre-approve or ratify any transaction with a related person in which the aggregate amount involved is expected to be less than $1,000,000.

        Effective February 20, 2018, Andrew Dejana became an executive officer of the Company. In 2016, we entered into lease agreements at the time of the close of the Dejana acquisition with parties that are affiliated with the former owners of Dejana and are still employed by the Company post-acquisition, including Mr. Dejana. The related parties continue to own certain land and buildings where the Company conducts business. We paid $1,923,000 in lease payments to Mr. Dejana and parties related to Mr. Dejana in the year ended December 31, 2018.

        Additionally, the Dejana purchase agreement includes contingent consideration in the form of an earnout capped at a maximum of $26,000,000. Under the Dejana purchase agreement, the former owners of Dejana, including Mr. Dejana, are entitled to receive payments contingent upon the revenue growth and financial performance of the Dejana business for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018. Based on the results of the Dejana business for the year ended December 31, 2018, the possible range of outcomes was reduced to a maximum earnout of $21,487,000. We did not make any earnout payment to the former owners of Dejana, including Mr. Dejana in the year ended December 31, 2018. The earnout agreement was amended on September 20, 2017 to extend the earnout measurement periods for an additional two years, namely the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2020, with the potential for the former owners of Dejana to earn up to 50% of the remaining earnout payments unearned based on the original earnout targets and measurement periods.

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        The Audit Committee ratified these payments to Mr. Dejana, and approved in advance expected payments of $2,200,000 to Mr. Dejana and parties related to him in 2018, prior to the time that Mr. Dejana was elected to serve as an executive officer of the Company.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

        None of the members of our Compensation Committee is an officer or employee of our company. None of our executive officers currently serves, or in the past year has served, as a member of the board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers serving on our Board or our Compensation Committee.

Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions

        Other than the transactions with Andrew Dejana related to the Dejana acquisition and described above under "Policies and procedures Governing Related Party Transactions," there were no transactions since December 31, 2017 to which we have been a party in which the amount involved in the transaction exceeded or will exceed $120,000, and in which any of our directors, executive officers or beneficial holders of more than 5% of our capital stock had or will have a direct or indirect material interest.

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STOCK OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

Significant Stockholders

        The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of the Record Date (or such other date as is indicated) by each person who is known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our outstanding common stock as of the Record Date (or such other date). Beneficial ownership of these shares consists of sole voting power and sole investment power except as noted below.

Name of Beneficial Owner
  Number of Shares   Percent  

BlackRock, Inc.(1)

    1,660,745     7.3 %

Capital World Investors(2)

    1,300,000     5.7 %

Conestoga Capital Advisors LLC(3)

    2,089,014     9.2 %

Dimensional Fund Advisors LP(4)

    1,300,527     5.7 %

JPMorgan Chase & Co.(5)

    2,518,310     11.0 %

(1)
Based on information contained in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 4, 2019, which reports sole voting power for 1,498,399 shares and sole dispositive power for 1,660,745 shares.

(2)
Based on information contained in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 14, 2019.

(3)
Based on information contained in a Schedule 13G filed with the SEC on January 9, 2019, which reports sole voting power for 1,872,514 shares and sole dispositive power for 2,089,014 shares.

(4)
Based on information contained in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 8, 2019, which reports sole voting power for 1,232,620 shares and sole dispositive power for 1,300,527 shares.

(5)
Based on information contained in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on January 22, 2019, which reports sole voting power for 2,340,857 shares and sole dispositive power for 2,518,310 shares.

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Executive Officers and Directors

        The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership, as of the Record Date, of our common stock by each of our directors, each of our current named executive officers (see "Compensation Discussion and Analysis" below), and by all of our current directors and executive officers as a group. Beneficial ownership of these shares consists of sole voting power and sole investment power except as noted below.

Name of Beneficial Owner
  Number of Shares   Percentage of Class

James L. Janik

    226,036   *

Robert L. McCormick(1)

    127,648   *

Sarah Lauber

    10,579   *

Keith Hagelin

    85,377   *

Andrew Dejana

    4,130   *

James L. Packard(2)

    33,652   *

James D. Staley

    24,152   *

Donald W. Sturdivant

    23,423   *

Kenneth Krueger

    21,591   *

Margaret S. Dano

    19,582   *

All current directors and executive officers as a group (10 persons)

    584,979   2.6%

*
Denotes ownership of less than 1%.

(1)
Includes shares held by the Robert L. McCormick Revocable Trust.

(2)
Includes shares held by the James L. and Nancy J. Packard Revocable Trust of 2007.

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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

Executive Summary

        We are home to some of the most trusted brands in the industry and are a premier North American manufacturer and up-fitter of work truck attachments and equipment. Our portfolio of products and services is separated into two segments: First, the work truck attachments segment, which includes manufactured snow and ice control attachments sold under the FISHER®, HENDERSON®, SNOWEX® and WESTERN® brands. Second, the work truck solutions segment, which includes the up-fit of market leading attachments and storage solutions for commercial work vehicles under the DEJANA® brand and its related sub-brands.

        We believe our business benefits from an exceptional management team that is responsible for establishing our leadership in the snow and ice control equipment industry for light trucks. Our senior management team has an average of approximately eighteen years of weather-related industry experience and an average of over ten years with our Company. James L. Janik, who became our Executive Chairman on January 1, 2019 after serving as our President and Chief Executive Officer since 2004 and as our Chairman since 2014, has been with us for over 25 years, and through his strategic vision we have been able to expand our distributor network and grow our market leading position. Robert L. McCormick, who became our President and Chief Executive Officer on January 1, 2019 after serving as our Chief Operating Officer since 2017 and our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from 2004 to 2017, has been with us for over 15 years. We have sought to establish competitive compensation programs that enable us to attract and retain skillful, experienced and dedicated executive officers as well as to motivate management to maximize performance while building stockholder value.

        Our named executive officers for 2018 were James L. Janik, who served as our Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer until he became our Executive Chairman on January 1, 2019; Robert L. McCormick, who served as our Chief Operating Officer until he was appointed our President and Chief Executive Officer on January 1, 2019; Sarah C. Lauber, our Chief Financial Officer and Secretary; Keith Hagelin, President, Commercial Snow & Ice; and Andrew Dejana, President, Dejana Truck & Utility Equipment.

2018 Say on Pay Vote

        In May 2018 (after the 2018 executive compensation actions described in this Compensation Discussion and Analysis section had taken place), we held an advisory stockholder vote on the compensation of our named executive officers at our annual stockholders' meeting. Consistent with the recommendation of our Board of Directors, our stockholders approved our executive compensation, with more than 97% of votes cast in favor. The Compensation Committee considered these voting results and, consistent with the strong vote of stockholder approval they represented, elected not to undertake any material changes to our executive compensation programs in response to the outcome of the vote.

Developments Affecting 2018 Compensation

        In November 2017, our Compensation Committee approved changes to our long-term incentive program for 2018 to more closely align our grant practices with respect to performance-based equity with market practice. Prior to 2018, we granted our named executive officers a number of performance share units based on the results of the prior two years of historical financial performance and the results of one year of forward financial performance. Following the end of the performance period, the

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performance share units would be subject to an additional two years of time-based vesting requirements.

        Beginning with the grants made in March 2018, the performance period and vesting period for our performance share units will coincide. The performance share units that we granted during March 2018 will vest based on our achievement of performance goals over the 2018-2020 performance period, and will be paid out, if earned, shortly after the end of the performance period.

        Our Compensation Committee also made changes to the cumulative performance metrics used for our 2018 performance share unit grants, moving from 100% free cash flow to 50% adjusted earnings per share and 50% return on net assets, and set the minimum threshold performance for the performance share units granted in 2018, under which the minimum payout will be earned, at 50% of target for each performance metric, and the maximum threshold performance, over which the maximum payout will be earned, at 150% of target for each performance metric.

        Other than the changes to our long-term incentive program described above, we did not make significant changes to our compensation programs in 2018. The primary actions that we took in 2018 with respect to the compensation of our named executive officers were the following:

Chief Executive Officer Transition

        As previously disclosed, on January 1, 2019, Mr. Janik transitioned from his position as our President and Chief Executive Officer to Executive Chairman, and Mr. McCormick, who had served as our Chief Operating Officer since 2017, succeeded Mr. Janik as President and Chief Executive Officer The compensation actions taken in connection with this transition are described below under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition."

Other Highlights of Our Compensation Programs

        We periodically review best practices in the area of executive compensation and update our compensation policies and practices to reflect those that we believe are appropriate for our Company, including, in addition to the examples listed above, the following:

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Objectives of our Compensation Programs

        We believe that a skilled, experienced and dedicated senior management team is essential to the future performance of our Company and to building stockholder value. We have sought to establish competitive compensation programs that enable us to attract and retain executive officers with these qualities as well as to motivate management to maximize performance while building stockholder value.

        We compensate our named executive officers through both short term cash programs, including annual salary and an annual incentive plan, and long term incentive programs, reflecting a mix of fixed and variable compensation. Although our compensation program provides for a mix of both short and long term compensation and cash and non-cash compensation, we do not have any specific policy on those allocations. Our compensation philosophy is centered on providing an opportunity for an executive's total annual compensation to exceed what we believe is the general market level of compensation for similar executive roles. Our business is subject to variability of earnings due to year-to-year variations in snowfall. Accordingly, we have designed our compensation program to provide for a competitive annual salary while offering our named executive officers the opportunity to earn a substantial amount of variable compensation based on our profitability and free cash flow. This program aligns named executive officer compensation with our variable earnings model and is intended to differentiate us from our competitors when attracting and motivating our executives.

Role of the Compensation Committee and Management in the Compensation—Setting Process

        Our Compensation Committee's role in reviewing and approving executive compensation includes the duties and responsibilities set forth in the Compensation Committee's charter. Among other things, the Compensation Committee has responsibility to do the following:

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        Our Chief Executive Officer recommends base salaries for our executive officers other than himself to the Compensation Committee for its approval and recommends performance targets under the Annual Incentive Plan for approval by the Compensation Committee, as explained in more detail under the section entitled "Annual Incentive Plan" below. Our Chief Executive Officer also negotiates employment agreements with executive officers, subject to review by the Compensation Committee, and makes recommendations to the Compensation Committee with respect to equity awards for our named executive officers other than himself. In 2018, Mr. Janik provided input to the Compensation Committee concerning the compensation structure for the new executive chair position, as described below under "Role of Benchmarking in the Compensation-Setting Process." All compensation elements for our Chief Executive Officer and, beginning with 2019, our Executive Chair, are reviewed and approved by the Compensation Committee.

Role of Benchmarking in the Compensation—Setting Process

        The Compensation Committee has periodically engaged FW Cook, an independent compensation consultant, to assist it in setting pay levels for our executive officers. The Compensation Committee assessed the independence of FW Cook pursuant to SEC rules and NYSE listing standards and concluded that FW Cook's work for the Compensation Committee does not raise any conflict of interest.

        The Compensation Committee most recently engaged FW Cook to conduct a competitive review of target direct compensation levels (which consists of base salary, target annual incentive compensation and target long-term incentive compensation) for the following positions in 2017, in light of the Company's increased size and scope of operations resulting from our acquisition of Dejana Truck and Utility Equipment in 2016 (the "Dejana Acquisition"): Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, and President, Commercial Snow and Ice. For this review, FW Cook considered peer group data from a group of 15 peer companies as well as broader survey data from a 2016 national general industry survey. The 15 peer companies were selected for this review based on their reasonable comparability to our Company in terms of size, industry and scope of operations following the Dejana Acquisition. For size-related screens, the focus was on ensuring that the peer group was appropriate from both revenue and market capitalization perspectives because we believe

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that these two metrics are most strongly correlated to compensation levels. The peer companies (the "Peer Group") were the following:

Actuant Corporation

 

Kadant Corporation

Aegion Corporation

 

Lindsay Corporation

Alamo Group Inc.

 

Lydall Corporation

Arctic Cat,  Inc.

 

Modine Manufacturing

CECO Environmental Corp.

 

RBC Bearings Incorporated

ESCO Technologies

 

Sun Hydraulics Corporation

Federal Signal Corp.

 

Supreme Industries Inc.

Hurco Companies,  Inc.

 

 

        We based compensation levels in 2018 for Mr. Janik, Mr. McCormick, Ms. Lauber, and Mr. Hagelin on the review of total direct compensation conducted by FW Cook in 2017 described above and on the collective experience of the members of our Board, Compensation Committee and Mr. Janik (with respect to the compensation of our other named executive officers), their business judgment and their experiences in recruiting and retaining executives. We did not engage FW Cook to conduct a review of the competitiveness of Mr. Dejana's compensation in 2018. In setting his compensation level, we relied on the collective experience of the members of our Board, Compensation Committee, and Mr. Janik.

        In addition to the target direct compensation competitive review described above, the Compensation Committee also engaged FW Cook in 2017 to conduct a review of our Annual Incentive Plan and Long Term Equity Program designs compared to our peer companies. The Compensation Committee considered the results of such review in making the change to our Long Term Equity Program for 2018 described below under "—Long Term Equity Program."

        In 2018, in connection with Mr. Janik's transition to the role of Executive Chairman beginning in 2019, the Compensation Committee engaged FW Cook to provide advice on market practice, including peer group and general industry survey data, concerning compensation for the executive chair position. Taking into account FW Cook's advice and input from Mr. Janik, the Compensation Committee approved the compensation arrangements described below under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition."

Elements of Executive Compensation

        The key components of our compensation program for our named executive officers for 2018 were base salary, annual cash incentive awards under our Annual Incentive Plan, long-term equity incentive awards under our 2010 Stock Plan and other compensation consisting primarily of matching 401(k) contributions, the salaried employee pension plan, health and welfare benefits and other perquisites. Each component of our compensation program has an important role in creating compensation arrangements that motivate and reward strong performance and in retaining the named executive officers who deliver strong performance.

Base Salary

        We pay our named executive officers a base salary to compensate them for services rendered and to provide them with a steady source of income for living expenses throughout the year. In general, the base salary of each executive was initially established through arm's-length negotiations at the time the individual was hired, taking into account the individual's qualifications, experience, level of

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responsibility, as well as internal pay equity considerations. In setting Ms. Lauber's initial base salary in 2017, we also considered the results of FW Cook's 2017 competitive review.

        In 2018, Mr. Janik conducted a review of the base salaries of Messrs. McCormick, Hagelin, and Dejana, and Ms. Lauber for potential increases and recommended changes to the Compensation Committee for its final determination. The Compensation Committee also reviewed the base salaries of Messrs. McCormick and Hagelin and Ms. Lauber in light of the competitive review of target total direct compensation levels conducted by FW Cook in 2017 as described above under "—Role of Benchmarking in the Compensation-Setting Process." Generally, the Compensation Committee considers salaries within +/–15% of median peer group levels to be competitive, but in some circumstances considers a higher salary level necessary to offer competitive compensation.

        Based on the Compensation Committee's review and Mr. Janik's recommendations, in early 2018, the Compensation Committee approved the following merit-based base salary increases, effective March 1, 2018: a 3% base salary increase for Messrs. Janik, McCormick and Hagelin, and Ms. Lauber, and no base salary increase for Mr. Dejana, whose base salary had previously been increased by 3% effective January 1, 2018. Each of these increases was in line with our budgeted guidelines for salary increases for salaried employees. Our named executive officers' annual base salaries for 2018 after these increases were as follows:

Executive
  2018
Annual
Base Salary
 

James L. Janik

  $ 648,912  

Robert L. McCormick

  $ 463,508  

Sarah C. Lauber

  $ 370,800  

Keith Hagelin

  $ 298,201  

Andrew Dejana

  $ 309,000  

        The amount of base salary that we actually paid to each of our named executive officers in 2018 can be found in the "Salary" column of the Summary Compensation Table below. Note that the amount of base salary that we actually paid to each named executive officer in 2018 is less than the amount shown in the table above because, their base salary increases became effective after January 1, 2018.

        As described below under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition," the Compensation Committee approved changes to the base salaries of Messrs. Janik and McCormick effective January 1, 2019 in connection with the changes to their positions that were effective on that date.

Annual Incentive Plan

        Our named executive officers, as well as certain other management employees, participate in the Annual Incentive Plan, which provides an opportunity to earn a cash bonus upon achievement of certain performance targets approved by the Compensation Committee. These performance objectives are designed to link management's focus with overall Company objectives by providing the executive an opportunity to earn additional short-term compensation. We emphasize variable compensation to provide an opportunity for total annual compensation for our named executive officers to exceed what the Compensation Committee believes, based on its members' and our Chief Executive Officer's collective experience, business judgment and experiences in recruiting and retaining executives, to be the general market level of compensation for similarly situated executives in the event of superior performance.

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        The 2018 performance metrics under the Annual Incentive Plan for all of our named executive officers were adjusted operating income and free cash flow, weighted 70% and 30%, respectively. However, Mr. Hagelin's payout for 2018 was based solely on the performance of our commercial business reporting unit, and Mr. Dejana's payout was based solely on our work truck solutions segment. Additionally, Mr. Dejana received a bonus of $150,000 in 2018 pursuant to his employment agreement. The payouts for Messrs. Janik and McCormick and Ms. Lauber were based on consolidated business results.

        In 2018, as in past years, adjusted operating income was weighted 70% under the Annual Incentive Plan. This weighting reflects the Compensation Committee's belief that any incentive compensation should be driven principally by the Company's profitability. Our management is given discretion to recommend the performance metric or metrics that will comprise the remaining 30% of the annual bonus opportunity. This allows our management to select a metric or metrics that reflect the current focus of our business, which are then submitted by the Chief Executive Officer to the Compensation Committee for approval. Management recommended free cash flow for 2018, based on its use of free cash flow as a primary measure of our profitability and our ability to pay dividends and its view that free cash flow is influenced to a lesser degree by factors below the operating profit level than some other performance measures.

        Mr. Janik had a target bonus level of 100% of his base salary. Each other named executive officer has a target bonus level of 75% of his or her annual base salary. The total payout under the Annual Incentive Plan was subject to an overall cap of 150% of annual salary for Mr. Janik and 125% of annual base salary for each other named executive officer. These target potential payment levels were not set at any specific level of the Peer Group companies and were based on what the Compensation Committee believed, based on its members' and Mr. Janik's (except with respect to his own Annual Incentive Plan payout) collective experience, business judgment and experiences in recruiting and retaining executives, to be a competitive level of annual incentive compensation to provide appropriate incentives and retention. See below for a detailed discussion of our performance metrics and the calculation of payouts for 2018.

        For the year ending December 31, 2018, we paid out the following bonuses as a percentage of base salary to each of our named executive officers:

Name
  Payout Based On:   Total
Bonus Paid
(as a % of
base salary)
  % Bonus
Paid
Based on
Operating
Income
  % Bonus Paid
Based on
FCF
 

James L. Janik

  Consolidated Business     91.6 %   62.0 %   29.6 %

Robert L. McCormick

  Consolidated Business     68.7 %   46.5 %   22.2 %

Sarah C. Lauber

  Consolidated Business     68.7 %   46.5 %   22.2 %

Keith Hagelin

  Commercial Reporting Unit     90.7 %   60.4 %   30.3 %

Andrew Dejana

  Work Truck Solutions Segment     48.5 %   0.0 %   0.0 %

        The adjusted operating income metric, as defined in the Annual Incentive Plan, measures the degree by which actual adjusted operating income performance achieves, exceeds or falls short of baseline adjusted operating income. Actual adjusted operating income is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization less depreciation, plus other expense, adjusted for non-recurring expenses, as approved by the Compensation Committee. Baseline adjusted operating income is set annually by the Compensation Committee. For 2018, if actual adjusted operating income fell below 50% of baseline adjusted operating income, no adjusted operating income bonus would be earned. If actual adjusted operating income fell between 50% and 100% of baseline adjusted operating income, adjusted operating income bonus would be reduced linearly for each 1% reduction in actual adjusted operating income below baseline adjusted operating income. If actual adjusted operating

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income exceeded baseline adjusted operating income, adjusted operating income bonus would be increased linearly by 1.4% for each 1% increase in actual adjusted operating income above baseline adjusted operating income.

        For 2018, the Compensation Committee set the baseline adjusted operating income targets under the Annual Incentive Plan based on historical trends and assumptions recommended by management. Specifically, in setting the 2018 baseline targets, we assumed average snowfall, increasing truck sales and a slight improvement in overall economic conditions. For 2018, the baseline adjusted operating income targets and actual adjusted operating income (calculated according to the Annual Incentive Plan) were as follows:

 
  Target   Actual

Consolidated Business

  $95.2 million   $89.7 million

Commercial Reporting Unit

  $82.5 million   $87.2 million

Work Truck Solutions Segment

  $13.3 million   $9.7 million

        As a result, based on 2018 performance and the 70% weighting, the payout for the adjusted operating income component of the annual incentive plan was 62.0% of annual base salary for Mr. Janik (whose payout was based on our consolidated business results), 46.5% of annual base salary for Mr. McCormick and Ms. Lauber (whose payouts were based on our consolidated business results), 60.4% for Mr. Hagelin (whose payout was based on our commercial reporting unit results) and 0.0% for Mr. Dejana (whose payout was based on our work truck solutions segment).

        The adjusted operating income that we used for purposes of determining the achievement of the adjusted operating income target under the Annual Incentive Plan was different than the actual operating income for our consolidated business as reported in our financial statements. To arrive at the metric used under the Annual Incentive Plan, we adjusted our GAAP operating income by adding back amortization, stock-based compensation and other legal and consulting expenses, and deducted Arrowhead operating income and the impacts of purchase accounting. We performed similar adjustments to determine the achievement of the adjusted operating income targets for each of our commercial and municipal reporting units.

        The following table sets forth the calculation of the 62.0% of base salary payout based on adjusted operating income component for Mr. Janik (dollars in millions):

Comparison of Actual to Target Adjusted Operating Income

       

Baseline Adjusted Operating Income Target

  $ 95.2  

Adjusted Operating Income per Annual Incentive Plan

  $ 89.7  

Percentage Below Target

    5.8 %

Effect on Adjusted Operating Income Bonus Level

       

Payout at Target (Reflecting 70% Weighting)

    70.0 %

Payout Below Target Level Due to 5.8% Performance

    8.0 %

Actual Adjusted Operating Income Payout

    62.0 %

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        The following table sets forth the calculation of the bonus payouts based on the adjusted operating income component for our other named executive officers (dollars in millions):

 
  Consolidated
Business
  Commercial
Reporting
Unit
  Work
Truck
Solutions
Segment
 

Comparison of Actual to Target Adjusted Operating Income

                   

Baseline Adjusted Operating Income Target

  $ 95.2   $ 82.5   $ 13.3  

Adjusted Operating Income per Annual Incentive Plan

  $ 89.7   $ 87.2   $ 9.7  

Percentage Above (Below) Target

    (5.8 )%   5.7 %   (21.7 )%

Effect on Adjusted Operating Income Bonus Level

                   

Payout at Target (Reflecting 70% Weighting)

    52.5 %   52.5 %   52.5 %

Payout Above (Below) Target Level Due to Performance

    (6.0 )%   7.9 %   (52.5 )%

Actual Adjusted Operating Income Payout (as a % of base salary)

    46.5 %   60.4 %   0.0 %

        Our free cash flow ("FCF") is defined as cash generated by operating activities, less net cash used in investing activities, adjusted for non-recurring items, as approved by the Compensation Committee. Target FCF is set annually by the Compensation Committee. Performance is measured by the degree to which FCF achieves, exceeds or falls short of target FCF. Achievement of target FCF results in a bonus as a percentage of base salary equal to bonus target level multiplied by the 30% weighting of the FCF metric. For 2018, achievement of target FCF would result in a bonus of 30% of base salary for Mr. Janik and 22.5% of base salary for all other named executive officers. If the target FCF was achieved, then the target FCF bonus would be earned. If FCF was below the threshold goal, then no FCF bonus would be earned. If FCF was higher than target, then the payout increases linearly by 0.833% for each $1 million increase in FCF above target FCF, subject to the overall Annual Incentive Plan cap of 150% of base salary for Mr. Janik, and 125% of base salary for each of our other named executive officers. The following table sets forth our threshold and target FCF goals and actual FCF performance for 2018:

 
  Threshold   Target   Actual

Consolidated Business

  $18.9 million   $55.0 million   $54.5 million

Commercial Reporting Unit

  $13.5 million   $49.8 million   $59.1 million

Work Truck Solutions Segment

  $3.6 million   $5.1 million   $(1.4) million

        The following table sets forth the reconciliation between 2018 actual FCF as reported in our financial statements and FCF for our consolidated business as adjusted for non-recurring items for purposes of the Annual Incentive Plan (in millions):

FCF per Financial Statements

  $ 48.5  

Adjustments

       

Voluntary Pension Prepayment

  $ 6.0  

Adjusted FCF Used for Annual Incentive Plan

  $ 54.5  

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        The following table sets forth the calculation of the 29.6% of base salary payout based on the FCF component for Mr. Janik (dollars in millions):

Comparison of Actual to Target FCF

       

FCF Target

  $ 55.0  

Actual FCF

  $ 54.5  

Shortfall FCF Under Target

  $ 0.5  

Effect on FCF Bonus Level

       

Payout at Target (Reflecting 30% Weighting)

    30.0 %

Decrease Due to Shortfall

    0.4 %

Actual FCF Payout

    29.6 %

        The following table sets forth the calculation of the base salary payout based on the FCF component for our other named executive officers (dollars in millions):

 
  Consolidated
Business
  Commercial
Reporting
Unit
  Work
Truck
Solutions
Segment
 

Comparison of Actual to Target FCF

                   

FCF Target

  $ 55.0   $ 49.8   $ 5.1  

Actual FCF

  $ 54.5   $ 59.1   $ (1.4 )

Surplus/Shortfall FCF Over (Under) Target

  $ (0.5 ) $ 9.3   $ (6.5 )

Effect on FCF Bonus Level

                   

Payout at Target (Reflecting 30% Weighting)

    22.5 %   22.5 %   22.5 %

Increase (Decrease) Due to Surplus/Shortfall

    (0.3 )%   7.8 %   (22.5 )%

Actual FCF Payout

    22.2 %   30.3 %   0.0 %

        In setting the performance goals under the Annual Incentive Plan, our intention is to provide for challenging and ambitious targets to further our overall goal of increasing stockholder value. Though challenging, we believe the goals are attainable through a collaborative effort by our named executive officers.

        The Compensation Committee has the right to review and approve payouts made under the Annual Incentive Plan. The Compensation Committee reviewed the results of the Annual Incentive Plan prior to bonus payments in March 2019 after the completion of the audit of our 2018 results. The Compensation Committee has the authority to modify, suspend or terminate the Annual Incentive Plan at any time. Mr. Dejana was entitled to a guaranteed bonus of at least $150,000 for 2018 under his employment agreement, offset by any amounts received under the Annual Incentive Plan. Because Mr. Dejana did not receive a bonus under the Annual Incentive Plan for 2018, he received a bonus of $150,000 pursuant to his employment agreement guarantee.

Long Term Incentive Compensation

        Stock Incentive Plans.    We introduced the 2010 Stock Plan in May 2010. The 2010 Stock Plan, which is administered by the Compensation Committee, enables us to grant equity awards to our key employees, including our named executive officers, and our non-employee directors. We adopted this plan because we believe that long term performance is achieved through an ownership culture that rewards and encourages long term performance by our named executive officers though the use of stock-based awards.

        Long Term Equity Program.    Under our long-term incentive program, we make annual grants of performance share units and time-vesting restricted stock units to our executive officers under our 2010

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Stock Plan. The Compensation Committee decided to implement our long-term incentive program because it believes that long-term incentives are an essential part of our total compensation package, which is intended to promote ownership, higher performance and ultimately higher stockholder return, and in view of its goal for long-term compensation of furthering four key objectives:

        In November 2017, our Compensation Committee approved changes to our long-term incentive program for 2018 to more closely align our grant practices with respect to performance-based equity with market practice. Prior to 2018, we granted our named executive officers a number of performance share units based on the results of the prior two years of historical financial performance and the results of one year of forward financial performance. Following the end of the performance period, the performance share units would be subject to an additional two years of time-based vesting requirements. Beginning with the grants made in March 2018, the performance period and vesting period for our performance share units will coincide. The performance share units that we granted during March 2018 will vest based on our achievement of performance goals over the 2018-2020 performance period, and will be paid out, if earned, shortly after the end of the performance period.

        Our Compensation Committee also made changes to the cumulative performance metrics used for our performance share unit grants, moving from 100% free cash flow to 50% adjusted earnings per share and 50% return on net assets, and set the minimum threshold performance for the performance share units granted in 2018, under which the minimum payout will be earned, at 50% of target for each performance metric, and the maximum threshold performance, over which the maximum payout will be earned, at 150% of target for each performance metric.

        Our Compensation Committee determined the target aggregate value of 2018 stock-based awards for our named executive officers with reference to a percentage of the executive officer's base salary. The Compensation Committee set the target award values for each named executive officer as follows: Mr. Janik—150% of base salary; Mr. McCormick—100% of base salary; Ms. Lauber and Mr. Hagelin—75% of base salary; and Mr. Dejana—50% of base salary. However, our Compensation Committee also recognized that, due to the change in the time of vesting under the long-term incentive program for 2018, named executive officers will receive fewer vested performance share units in fiscal years 2019 and 2020 compared with the prior grant structure. To adjust for this shortfall and to continue to provide competitive compensation levels, the Compensation Committee elected to grant a one-time increase of the target award values for each named executive officer by a specific percentage in 2018: Mr. Janik—90% of base salary; Mr. McCormick—60% of base salary; Ms. Lauber and Mr. Hagelin—45% of base salary; and Mr. Dejana—30% of base salary.

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        As a result, the target aggregate value of stock-based awards as a percentage of base salary for 2018 were as follows.

James L. Janik

    240 %

Robert L. McCormick

    160 %

Sarah C. Lauber

    120 %

Keith Hagelin

    120 %

Andrew Dejana

    80 %

        The Compensation Committee chose the mix of performance-vested versus time-vested stock grants based on the Company's historical mix of 40% retention and 60% performance share units, which mix was influenced in part by the Committee's recognition of the inherent snowfall-related performance volatility of the Company's business.

        Performance Share Units.    The performance share units granted in 2018 made up 60% of the total long-term incentive award opportunity for our named executive officers. The target number of units granted was determined as of the grant date based on the average closing price during the 30 trading days prior to the grant date. The threshold, target and maximum number of performance share units subject to these awards for our named executive officers were as follows:

Name
  Threshold   Target   Maximum  

James L. Janik

        22,736     45,472  

Robert L. McCormick

        10,827     21,654  

Sarah C. Lauber

        6,496     12,992  

Keith Hagelin

        5,224     10,448  

Andrew Dejana

        3,609     7,218  

        The performance goals for the performance share units granted in 2018 are three-year cumulative adjusted earnings per share ("EPS"), weighted 50%, and three-year cumulative return on net assets ("RONA"), weighted 50%. These goals represented a change from previous performance share units, which were based on three-year cumulative FCF. Our EPS is defined as adjusted earnings per share as reported, adjusted for other non-recurring expenses, as approved by the Compensation Committee. Our RONA is defined as cumulative net income for the three fiscal years of the performance period divided by the average of net assets on four distinct dates: the first day of the first fiscal year of the performance period and the last day of each of the three applicable fiscal years in the performance period. For purposes of our RONA definition, net income is defined as adjusted net income as reported, adjusted for other non-recurring expenses, as approved by the Compensation Committee. Also for purposes of our RONA definition, net assets is defined as current assets, excluding cash, plus net fixed assets, less current liabilities.

        Time-Vesting Restricted Stock Units.    The time-vesting restricted stock units made up the remaining 40% of the total long-term incentive award opportunity for our named executive officers and vests ratably over the three years following the grant date, contingent on continued employment or a qualifying retirement. The number of units granted was determined as of the grant date based on the average closing price during the 30 trading days prior to the grant date.

Other Compensation

        In addition to their base salaries and awards under incentive plans described above, our named executive officers receive matching contributions under our 401(k) plan in the same manner as all of our employees who participate in the plan. During 2018, for Messrs. Janik, McCormick and Hagelin we matched 20% of each participant's pre-tax contributions up to the first 5% of such participant's base salary up to the maximum allowed by the plan. We also made an automatic contribution of 3% of pay

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to such participants' accounts in the 401(k) plan. During 2018, for Ms. Lauber and Mr. Dejana, we matched 50% of each participant's pre-tax contributions up to the first 6% of such participant's base salary up to the maximum allowed by the plan. Effective for the 2019 plan year, we modified our standard matching contribution under the 401(k) plan to be 100% of participants' pre-tax contributions up to the first 3% of base salary and 50% of such contributions over 3% up to 6% of base salary. We also maintain a Company stock fund in the 401(k) plan allowing employees to direct up to 20% of their 401(k) account balance into the fund.

        The named executive officers were eligible to participate in the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan on the same basis as our other salaried employees during 2018. Effective as of January 1, 2012, the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan was frozen as to non-grandfathered participants (those with less than five years of service) and the benefit formula was reduced for grandfathered participants (those with five or more years of service). As a result of these changes, the tax-qualification rules under the Code applicable to this Plan will no longer permit certain of our highly compensated employees, including our named executive officers, to continue to accrue benefits under the Plan. In response to this limitation, in November 2011, we adopted a new deferred compensation plan, the Douglas Dynamics Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the "Deferred Compensation Plan"), in which our named executive officers are eligible to participate, to serve in part as a vehicle to provide replacement benefits to these executive officers. The Deferred Compensation Plan permits us to make discretionary contributions to the accounts of participants, and in 2018 we made annual contributions having an actuarial equivalent value of the annual pension accrual that participants lost as a result of being unable to continue participating in the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan. The amounts that we contributed to the accounts of our named executive officers in 2018 having such an actuarial value are set forth in the column titled "All Other Compensation" in the "Summary Compensation Table." The Deferred Compensation Plan also permits participants to defer on an elective basis up to 80% of their respective base salaries and up to 100% of their respective bonuses and performance-based compensation, although our Board of Directors has not authorized such deferrals at this point in time. For further description of the Deferred Compensation Plan, please see below under "—Narrative Disclosure to Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation for 2018 Table."

        Each named executive officer is also eligible to participate in all other benefit plans and programs that are or may be available to our other executive employees, including any health insurance or health care plan, disability insurance, vacation and sick leave, and other similar plans. In addition, our named executive officers also receive supplemental life, long-term disability coverage and company-paid or reimbursed executive physicals. Mr. Dejana was permitted to use a company car for personal use. Other than the supplemental life and long-term disability coverage described in this paragraph, our named executive officers received no perquisites in 2018. Of our named executive officers, only Mr. McCormick received an executive physical in 2018.

Severance and Change of Control Arrangements

        Messrs. Janik, McCormick, Hagelin and Dejana and Ms. Lauber are parties to employment agreements. Under each of these employment agreements, the named executive officer is eligible for severance benefits. For the named executive officers other than Mr. Dejana, the severance benefits on a qualifying termination of employment consist of base salary continuation (generally ranging from twelve to 24 months), paid COBRA coverage for twelve months and accelerated vesting of a portion of the executive's then outstanding stock options if his employment is terminated by us without cause or if the executive resigns due to a material breach by us. For Mr. Dejana, the severance benefits on a qualifying termination consist of accrued and unpaid benefits and bonus and base salary continuation for the remainder of the term then in effect. Additionally, during 2018, Messrs. Janik and McCormick and Ms. Lauber were entitled to receive a pro-rated portion of his or her annual bonus under the

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Annual Incentive Plan if his or her employment is terminated for any reason other than a termination by us for cause or resignation other than for a material breach.

        We compete for executive talent in a highly competitive market in which companies routinely offer similar benefits to named executive officers. We view these benefits as appropriate for the named executive officers who may not be in a position to readily obtain comparable employment within a reasonable period of time.

        As described below under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition" and "Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table for Year Ended December 31, 2018 and Grants of Plan Based Awards in Year 2018 Table," we entered into amendments to the employment agreements of Messrs. Janik and McCormick in connection with their transitions to new positions on January 1, 2019 and subsequently restated the agreements in February 2019.

        Please refer to the discussion below under "—Potential Payments upon Termination or Change of Control" for a more detailed discussion of our severance and change of control arrangements.

2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition

        In connection with Mr. Janik's transition to the role of Executive Chairman, we entered into an amendment to Mr. Janik's employment agreement effective as of January 1, 2019 and subsequently restated the agreement in February 2019. Under the agreement as amended and restated, Mr. Janik's salary will be $400,000 per year; he will be provided the opportunity to earn up to an additional $300,000 in performance-based bonus compensation; and, upon retirement, he will be entitled to a pro rata portion of the performance-based bonus he would have earned during the calendar year of his retirement. Additionally, the amendment provides that the date that Mr. Janik ceases to serve as a member of our Board will be deemed the termination date of his employment by retirement. The other terms of Mr. Janik's employment remain materially unchanged and will be governed by the terms of his restated employment agreement as described under "Severance and Change of Control Arrangements."

        In connection with Mr. McCormick's transition to the role of President and Chief Executive Officer, we entered into an amendment to Mr. McCormick's employment agreement effective as of January 1, 2019 and subsequently restated the agreement in February 2019. Under the agreement as amended and restated, Mr. McCormick's salary will be $575,000 per year; he will be provided the opportunity to earn up to an additional 150% of his annual base salary in performance-based bonus compensation; he will be entitled to 24 months of his base salary in severance in the event of his termination by us for cause or his departure for a material breach by us; and, upon retirement, he will be entitled to a pro rata portion of the performance-based bonus he would have earned during the calendar year of his retirement. The other terms of Mr. McCormick's employment remain materially unchanged and will be governed by the terms of his restated employment agreement as described under "Severance and Change of Control Arrangements."

Stock Ownership Guidelines

        One of the key objectives of our executive compensation program is alignment of the interests of our executive officers with the interests of our stockholders. We believe that ensuring that executive officers are stockholders and have a significant financial interest in our Company is an effective means to accomplish this objective. Our Board of Directors has approved stock ownership guidelines setting levels of ownership of our common stock that our executive officers, including our named executive

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officers, and our non-employee directors are expected to satisfy within five years. The ownership requirements are as follows:

Position
  Ownership Requirement

Chief Executive Officer

  3x Base Salary

Other Executive Officers

  2x Base Salary

Non-Employee Directors

  3x Cash Portion of Annual Retainer

        Newly appointed executive officers and non-employee directors (after the effective date of the guidelines) will have until the fifth anniversary of their appointment to satisfy their ownership requirement. Each of our executive officers and non-employee directors has either satisfied the ownership requirements under the guidelines or has additional time to do so.

Compensation Recovery Policy

        We maintain a compensation recovery policy pursuant to which certain incentive-based compensation received by our executive officers on the basis of financial results that are later restated may be subject to recovery. The incentive-based compensation subject to the policy includes any compensation that is granted, earned or vested based wholly or in part upon the attainment of a measure that is determined and presented in accordance with the accounting principles used in preparing our financial statements, any measures that are derived wholly or in part from such measures, or stock price or total shareholder return. We intend to amend the policy as and when necessary to reflect applicable changes in law and stock exchange listing standards, including the requirements of the final regulations and listing standards expected to be promulgated by the SEC.

Anti-Hedging Policy

        Because certain forms of hedging or monetization transactions, such as zero cost collars and forward sale contracts involve the establishment of short positions in our securities and limit or eliminate the ability to profit from an increase in the value of our securities, we maintain a policy prohibiting our executive officers and directors from engaging in any hedging or monetization transactions involving our securities.

Tax Deductibility

        In designing our 2018 compensation program, the Compensation Committee considered the potential effects of Section 162(m) of the Code on the compensation paid to our named executive officers. Section 162(m) generally limits the amount of compensation that a publicly held corporation may deduct in any one year with respect to certain executive officers to $1 million. Prior to 2018, certain qualifying performance-based compensation approved by stockholders was historically not subject to this deduction limit. As a result of changes made by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, starting with our 2018 fiscal year, only performance-based compensation that was paid pursuant to a binding contract in effect on November 2, 2017 and that otherwise met certain requirements under Section 162(m) was exempt from the $1 million deduction limit. Accordingly, any compensation that we pay other than pursuant to such binding contracts will count towards the $1 million deduction limit, even if performance-based. The Compensation Committee will continue to authorize compensation in excess of the $1 million deduction limit if it believes such payments are appropriate to attract and retain executive talent.

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Summary Compensation Table for Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2018

Name and Principal Position
  Year   Salary(1)   Bonus   Stock Awards(2)   Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation(3)
  Change in
Pension
Value and
Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings(4)
  All Other
Compensation(5)
  Total  

James L. Janik

    2018   $ 648,912   $   $ 1,332,203   $ 594,383   $ (45,904 ) $ 97,824   $ 2,627,418  

President and

    2017   $ 618,164   $   $ 1,014,384   $ 470,189   $ 160,424   $ 96,559   $ 2,359,720  

Chief Executive Officer(6)

    2016   $ 553,011   $   $ 924,042   $ 697,639   $ 82,173   $ 104,111   $ 2,360,976  

Robert L. McCormick

    2018   $ 463,508   $   $ 634,390   $ 318,416   $ (32,907 ) $ 72,304   $ 1,455,711  

Chief Operating Officer(6)

    2017   $ 402,429   $   $ 414,389   $ 257,972   $ 73,090   $ 68,246   $ 1,216,126  

    2016   $ 350,432   $   $ 450,421   $ 354,465   $ 36,027   $ 67,797   $ 1,259,142  

Sarah C. Lauber

    2018   $ 370,800   $   $ 380,635   $ 254,730   $   $ 16,542   $ 1,022,707  

Chief Financial Officer and

    2017   $ 117,692   $   $ 143,014   $ 68,105   $   $ 11,069   $ 339,880  

Secretary

                                                 

Keith Hagelin

    2018   $ 298,201   $   $ 306,104   $ 270,267   $ (65,104 ) $ 78,119   $ 887,587  

President,

    2017   $ 279,657   $   $ 230,933   $ 202,950   $ 140,752   $ 76,485   $ 930,777  

Commercial Snow & Ice

    2016   $ 260,425   $   $ 251,005   $ 263,409   $ 104,098   $ 74,885   $ 953,822  

Andrew Dejana

    2018   $ 309,000   $ 150,000 (7) $ 211,463   $   $   $ 12,990   $ 683,453  

President,

                                                 

Dejana Truck & Utility Equipment

                                                 

(1)
Reflects salary amounts actually paid during the year indicated.

(2)
Reflects the grant date fair value of stock awards as determined pursuant to Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 718. See Note 13, Stock-based Compensation in the notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The amount includes awards that are subject to performance conditions, valued at the grant date based upon the probable outcome of the performance goals pursuant to ASC Topic 718, as follows: Mr. Janik—$765,294; Mr. McCormick—$364,437; Ms. Lauber—$218,655; Mr. Hagelin—$175,840; and Mr. Dejana—$121,479. The value of these awards at the grant date assuming that the maximum level of performance conditions would be achieved is as follows: Mr. Janik—$1,700,653; Mr. McCormick—$809,860; Ms. Lauber—$485,901; Mr. Hagelin—$390,755; and Mr. Dejana—$269,953.

(3)
Reflects the actual payouts for the 2018, 2017 and 2016 Annual Incentive Plan, respectively.

(4)
There were no above-market or preferential earnings on nonqualified deferred compensation in 2018.

(5)
Reflects Company contributions to the 401(k) plan, Company contributions to the Douglas Dynamics Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan, the cost of executive physicals, Company-paid insurance premiums and personal use of a Company-provided automobile. See table below.
Name
  401(k)
Contribution
  Contribution
to Deferred
Compensation
Plan
  Company
Paid
Insurance
Premiums
  Executive
Physicals
  Personal
Use of
Company-Provided
Auto
  Total
All other
Compensation
 

James L. Janik

  $ 10,369   $ 58,229   $ 29,226           $ 97,824  

Robert L. McCormick

  $ 8,792   $ 41,322   $ 17,327   $ 4,863       $ 72,304  

Sarah C. Lauber

  $ 7,965       $ 8,577           $ 16,542  

Keith Hagelin

  $ 10,800   $ 56,096   $ 11,223           $ 78,119  

Andrew Dejana

  $ 9,818       $ 387       $ 2,785   $ 12,990  
(6)
Effective on January 1, 2019, Mr. Janik became our Executive Chairman and Mr. McCormick became our President and Chief Executive Officer.

(7)
Mr. Dejana was entitled to a guaranteed bonus of $150,000 for 2018 pursuant to his employment agreement, offset by any amount earned under our 2018 Annual Incentive Plan. Because he did not receive a payout under our 2018 Annual Incentive Plan, he received $150,000 pursuant to his employment agreement guarantee.

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Grants of Plan-Based Awards in 2018

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  All Other
Stock Awards:
Number of
Shares of
Stock or
Units(3)
   
 
 
   
  Estimated Future Payouts
Under Non-Equity
Incentive Plan Awards(1)
  Estimated Future Payouts
Under Equity Incentive
Plan Awards(2)
   
 
 
   
  Grant Date
Fair Value
of Stock
Awards(4)
 
 
  Grant
Date
 
Name
  Threshold   Target   Maximum   Threshold   Target   Maximum  

James L. Janik

    2/20/2018                     22,736     45,472       $ 765,294  

    2/20/2018                             15,158   $ 566,909  

          324,456     648,912     973,367                      

Robert L. McCormick

   
2/20/2018
   
   
   
   
   
10,827
   
21,654
   
 
$

364,437
 

    2/20/2018                             7,218   $ 269,953  

          173,816     347,631     434,539                      

Sarah C. Lauber

   
2/20/2018
   
   
   
   
   
6,496
   
12,992
   
 
$

218,655
 

    2/20/2018                             4,331   $ 161,979  

          139,050     278,100     347,625                      

Keith Hagelin

   
2/20/2018
   
   
   
   
   
5,224
   
10,448
   
 
$

175,840
 

    2/20/2018                             3,483   $ 130,264  

          111,825     223,650     279,563                      

Andrew Dejana

   
2/20/2018
   
   
   
   
   
3,609
   
7,218
   
 
$

121,479
 

    2/20/2018                             2,406   $ 89,984  

          115,875     231,750     289,688                      

(1)
Amounts reported above reflect the potential performance based incentive cash payments each executive could earn pursuant to the Annual Incentive Plan for 2018 with the following explanations:

Threshold (50% of annual base salary for our CEO, 37.5% for the other named executive officers)—a minimum level of performance is required to begin earning an incentive. Thus, if these minimum thresholds are not met, the payout is $0. If the minimum threshold is met, the indicated percentage of base salary will be paid.

Target (100% of annual base salary for our CEO, 75% for the other named executive officers)—the performance metrics are established to pay the indicated targeted incentive percentage of base salary for meeting expected performance levels as determined by the plan.

Maximum (150% of annual base salary for our CEO, 125% for the other named executive officers)—per the plan documentation, the indicated maximum payout percentage of base salary has been established.

(2)
Represents performance share units granted under our 2010 Plan in March 2018. The performance share units will vest following the end of the 2018-2020 performance period and will be earned based on three-year cumulative EPS and RONA performance, weighted at 50% each.

(3)
Represent grants of shares subject to ratable vesting in three annual installments beginning March 6, 2019.

(4)
Represents grant date fair value as calculated pursuant to ASC Topic 718.

Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table for Year Ended December 31, 2018 and Grants of Plan-Based Awards in Year 2018 Table

        Certain elements of compensation set forth in the Summary Compensation Table for Year Ended December 31, 2018 and Grants of Plan-Based Awards for Year 2018 Table reflect the terms of employment agreements between us and certain of the named executive officers.

        James L Janik.    We are a party to an employment agreement with Mr. Janik that was originally entered into on March 30, 2004, amended as of January 1, 2019 and restated as of February 22, 2019. Prior to its amendment and restatement in 2019, the agreement had an initial term of three years, after which it remained effective for successive one-year periods. The amendment and restatement in 2019 removed the term and successive renewals, such that the agreement will continue until Mr. Janik's employment ends. The agreement provided for an initial base salary of $270,000 per year, subject to

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annual increase at the discretion of our Compensation Committee. Pursuant to this provision, Mr. Janik's salary was increased periodically, and was set at $648,912 in 2018. His salary was then set at $400,000 effective January 1, 2019 by the amendment entered into in 2019 in connection with Mr. Janik's transition from President and Chief Executive Officer to Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors. In addition, pursuant to his employment agreement prior to its amendment and restatement in 2019, Mr. Janik was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 100% of his base salary. As discussed in "Annual Incentive Plan," for 2018 Mr. Janik was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 150% of his base salary. Following the amendment and restatement of Mr. Janick's employment agreement in 2019, Mr. Janik will be provided the opportunity to earn up to $300,000 in performance-based bonus compensation; and, upon retirement, he will be entitled to a pro rata portion of the performance-based bonus he would have earned during the calendar year of his retirement. We discuss Mr. Janik's transition from President and Chief Executive Officer to Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors and the related changes to his employment agreement above under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition."

        Robert L. McCormick.    We are a party to an employment agreement with Mr. McCormick that was originally entered into on September 7, 2004, amended as of January 1, 2019 and restated as of February 22, 2019. Prior to its amendment and restatement in 2019, the agreement had an initial term of three years, after which it remained effective for successive one-year periods. The amendment and restatement in 2019 removed the term and successive renewals, such that the agreement will continue until Mr. McCormick's employment ends. The agreement provided for an initial base salary of $195,000 per year, subject to annual review and adjustment at the discretion of our Board of Directors. Pursuant to this provision, Mr. McCormick's salary was increased periodically, and was set at $463,508 in 2018. His salary was then set at $575,000 effective January 1, 2019 by the amendment entered into in 2019 in connection with Mr. McCormick's succession of Mr. Janik as President and Chief Executive Officer. In addition, pursuant to his employment agreement prior to its amendment and restatement in 2019, Mr. McCormick was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 100% of his base salary. As discussed in "Annual Incentive Plan," for 2018 Mr. McCormick was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 125% of his base salary. Following the amendment and restatement of Mr. McCormick's employment agreement in 2019, Mr. McCormick will be eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 150% of his base salary. We discuss Mr. McCormick's succession of Mr. Janik as President and Chief Executive Officer and the related changes to his employment agreement above under "2019 Compensation Actions in Connection with Chief Executive Officer Transition."

        Sarah C. Lauber.    We are party to an employment agreement with Ms. Lauber entered into on August 28, 2017. The agreement remains effective until we give or are provided by Ms. Lauber with 60 days of notice of termination. The agreement provides for an initial base salary of $360,000 per year, subject to annual review and adjustment at the discretion of our Board of Directors. Pursuant to this provision, Ms. Lauber's salary has been increased periodically, most recently to $370,800 in 2018. In addition, Ms. Lauber is eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 75% of her base salary and an annual equity award grant with a target value equal to 75% of her base salary.

        Keith Hagelin.    We are party to an employment agreement with Mr. Hagelin entered into on June 14, 2010. The agreement remains effective until we give or are provided by Mr. Hagelin with 90 days of notice of termination. The agreement provides for an initial base salary of $215,000 per year, subject to annual review and adjustment at the discretion of our Board of Directors. Pursuant to this provision, Mr. Hagelin's salary was increased to $298,201 in 2018. In addition, pursuant to his employment agreement, Mr. Hagelin is eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 100% of his base salary. As discussed in "Annual Incentive Plan," for 2018 Mr. Hagelin was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus of up to 125% of his base salary.

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        Andrew Dejana.    During 2018, we were party to an employment agreement with Mr. Dejana entered into on July 15, 2016. The agreement had an initial three-year term, after which it would automatically renew for one-year terms unless either party provided 90 days' advance written notice of non-renewal. The agreement provided for an initial base salary of $300,000 per year ($308,500 effective as of January 1, 2017), subject to annual review and adjustment at the discretion of our Board of Directors. If we discontinued Mr. Dejana's use of a company-provided automobile, then his base salary would have been increased by $7,200. Mr. Dejana's base salary was $309,000 for 2018. In addition, pursuant to his employment agreement, Mr. Dejana was eligible to receive an annual performance bonus with a target of no less than 75% of base salary and a maximum of up to 125% of base salary. His agreement also entitled him to a guaranteed bonus of no less than $150,000 for 2018, $100,000 for 2019 and $50,000 for 2020. These guaranteed bonuses would be offset by any amounts earned under our Annual Incentive Plan for the applicable year. As discussed in "Annual Incentive Plan," for 2018 Mr. Dejana was eligible to receive an annual performance of up to 125% of base salary.

        In March 2019, we entered into a retirement agreement with Mr. Dejana pursuant to which he is expected to retire effective as of April 19, 2019. The agreement provides for a payment of $33,333, which represents Mr. Dejana's prorated annual bonus for 2019, continued vesting in previously granted restricted stock units according to the applicable vesting schedule for each previous grant, and an option for Mr. Dejana to continue his group health plan participation with the first eight months of COBRA premiums to be fully reimbursed. In connection with this retirement agreement, we also entered into a consulting agreement with Mr. Dejana, pursuant to which he will provide consulting services following his retirement until the end of 2019, unless further extended by both parties. The agreement provides for a consulting fee of $10,000 per month and reimbursement of reasonable expenses associated with Mr. Dejana's consulting services.


Outstanding Equity Awards at Year End 2018

        The following table sets forth for each named executive officer unvested restricted stock and performance share units as of the end of 2018. None of the named executive officers had unexercised stock options as of the end of 2018.

 
  Stock Awards  
Name
  Number of Shares
or Units of
Stock That
Have Not
Vested (#)
  Market Value
of Shares or
Units of
Stock That
Have Not
Vested ($)(1)
  Equity Incentive
Plan Awards:
Number of
Unearned
Shares,
Units or Other
Rights That
Have Not
Vested (#)(2)
  Equity Incentive
Plan Awards:
Market or
Payout
Value of
Unearned
Shares, Units
or Other Rights
That Have Not
Vested ($)(1)
 

James L. Janik

    50,777 (3) $ 1,822,387     22,736   $ 815,995  

Robert L. McCormick

    22,992 (4) $ 825,183     10,827   $ 388,581  

Sarah C. Lauber

    6,595 (5) $ 236,695     6,496   $ 233,141  

Keith Hagelin

    12,273 (6) $ 440,478     5,224   $ 187,489  

Andrew Dejana

    2,406 (7) $ 86,351     3,609   $ 129,527  

(1)
Based on a market value as of December 31, 2018 of $35.89 per share, which was the closing sale price of a share of our common stock on the last trading day of the year.

(2)
The amounts shown in this column consist of the following performance share units granted on March 6, 2018: Mr. Janik—22,736; Mr. McCormick—10,827; Ms. Lauber—6,496; Mr. Hagelin—5,224; and Mr. Dejana—3,609. Actual performance with respect to these performance share units was trending below threshold, but we have elected to report the number

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    of share units that would be earned if target performance were achieved. The number of shares, if any, that will be earned and issued under these performance share unit awards is based on cumulative EPS (weighted at 50%) and cumulative RONA (weighted at 50%) over a three-year performance period from 2018-2020. Any shares earned will be issued shortly after end of the performance period.

(3)
30,609 shares will vest on March 6, 2019 and 15,116 shares will vest on March 6, 2020.

(4)
14,069 shares will vest on March 6, 2019 and 6,517 shares will vest on March 6, 2020.

(5)
2,579 shares will vest on March 6, 2019 and 2,576 shares will vest on March 6, 2020.

(6)
7,660 shares will vest on March 6, 2019 and 3,452 shares will vest on March 6, 2020.

(7)
802 shares will vest on March 6, 2019 and 802 shares will vest on March 6, 2020.


Option Exercises and Stock Vested in Fiscal 2018

        The table below sets forth the number of shares of stock acquired by our named executive officers upon the vesting of equity awards during 2018. There were no option exercises in 2018.

 
  Stock Awards  
Name
  Number of Shares
Acquired
on Vesting
  Value Realized
on Vesting
($)(1)
 

James L. Janik

    38,550   $ 1,673,070  

Robert L. McCormick

    17,996   $ 781,026  

Sarah C. Lauber

    1,132   $ 49,129  

Keith Hagelin

    10,028   $ 435,215  

Andrew Dejana

    1,761   $ 76,427  

(1)
Amounts represent the product of the number of shares acquired on vesting and the closing market price of the shares on the vesting date.


Pension Benefits

        The following table sets forth each named executive officer's pension benefits as of the end of 2018.

Name
  Plan Name   Number of
Years of
Credited
Service(1)
  Present
Value of
Accumulated
Benefit
  Payments
During
Last
Fiscal Year
 

James L. Janik

  Salaried Pension     19.3   $ 824,089      

Robert L. McCormick

  Salaried Pension     7.3   $ 265,112      

Sarah C. Lauber(2)

                 

Keith Hagelin

  Salaried Pension     16.7   $ 536,933      

Andrew Dejana(2)

                 

(1)
The number of years of credited service includes service with Douglas Dynamics L.L.C., the entity that previously operated our business. The additional years of service so recognized are 12 years for Mr. Janik and 9 years for Mr. Hagelin.

(2)
Ms. Lauber and Mr. Dejana do not participate in the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan because they both were hired after we froze the plan.

        We sponsor a defined benefit plan, the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan, in which our named executive officers other than Ms. Lauber and Mr. Dejana participate. Until January 1, 2012,

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the accrued benefit under the plan was 1.67% of final average monthly compensation multiplied by years of service (capped at 30 years) less 1.67% of monthly social security benefit multiplied by years of service (capped at 30 years). "Final average monthly compensation" is calculated based on the highest five-year consecutive total compensation during the last ten years of employment. Effective January 1, 2012, benefits under the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan were frozen except for employees with five or more years of service. For employees with five or more years of service, benefits accrued on and after January 1, 2012 will be based on 1.00%, rather than 1.67%, of final average monthly compensation multiplied by years of service (capped at 30 years) less 1.00%, rather than 1.67%, of monthly social security benefit multiplied by years of service (capped at 30 years). As a result of these changes, the tax-qualification rules under the Code applicable to the plans no longer permitted certain of our highly compensated employees, including our named executive officers, to continue to accrue benefits under the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan. As of December 31, 2018 benefits under the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan were frozen as to all employees.

        Participants may receive their full benefit upon normal retirement at age 65 or a reduced benefit upon early retirement at age 55 with ten years of service. Reduced benefits are also available after termination with five years of service.

        The amounts in the table above reflect the actuarial present value of the named executive officer's benefits under our defined benefit plan and are determined using the interest rate and other assumptions discussed in Note 13 in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.


Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation for 2018

        The following table sets forth information for the year ended 2018 regarding the Douglas Dynamics Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan.

Name
  Executive
Contributions
in Last FY
  Registrant
Contributions
in Last FY(1)
  Aggregate
Earnings
(Losses)
in Last FY
  Aggregate
Withdrawals/
Distributions
  Aggregate
Balance
at Last
FYE(2)
 

James L. Janik

  $   $ 58,229   $ (19,245 ) $   $ 465,214  

Robert L. McCormick

  $   $ 41,322   $ (17,993 ) $   $ 315,467  

Sarah C. Lauber

  $   $   $   $   $  

Keith Hagelin

  $   $ 56,096   $ (34,896 ) $   $ 613,835  

Andrew Dejana

  $   $   $   $   $  

(1)
All of the amounts shown in the "Registrant Contributions in Last FY" column are included in the "All Other Compensation" column of the "Summary Compensation Table" for the last completed fiscal year.

(2)
Includes the following amounts reported in the "Summary Compensation Table" for years prior to the last completed fiscal year: Mr. Janik—$426,230; Mr. McCormick—$292,138; Ms. Lauber—$0; and Mr. Hagelin—$592,635. Since Mr. Dejana is a named executive officer for the first time in 2018, no portion of the amount in this column was previously reported in the "Summary Compensation Table" for years prior to the last completed fiscal year.

Narrative Disclosure to Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation for 2018 Table

        Since 2012, we have maintained a deferred compensation plan, the Douglas Dynamics Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the "Deferred Compensation Plan"). Amounts deferred under the Deferred Compensation Plan during 2018 are included in the table above. We adopted the Deferred Compensation Plan in conjunction with our decision to freeze or reduce the rates of benefit

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accruals under the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan as described above. As a result of these changes to the tax-qualified pension plans, the tax-qualification rules under the Code applicable to the plans will no longer permit certain of our highly compensated employees, including our named executive officers, to continue to accrue benefits under the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan. Accordingly, the Deferred Compensation Plan was adopted in part to serve as a vehicle to provide replacement benefits to these executive officers.

        The Deferred Compensation Plan permits us to make discretionary contributions to the accounts of participants, and in 2018 we made annual contributions having an actuarial equivalent value of the annual pension accrual that participants lost as a result of being unable to continue participating in the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. Salaried Pension Plan. The Deferred Compensation Plan also permits participants to defer on an elective basis up to 80% of their respective base salaries and up to 100% of their respective bonuses and performance-based compensation, although our Board of Directors has not authorized such deferrals at this point in time.

        The amounts allocated under the Deferred Compensation Plan in any year are credited to a bookkeeping account to be maintained in the name of that participant under the Deferred Compensation Plan. Participants in the Deferred Compensation Plan are immediately and fully vested in their Deferred Compensation Plan account. Deferred Compensation Plan participants' accounts are credited with a deemed investment return determined as if the account were invested in one or more investment alternatives selected by the Company for corporate-owned life insurance policies that we intend to use to fund our obligations under the Deferred Compensation Plan.

        Allocations of our contributions and amounts deferred by participants under the Deferred Compensation Plan, if any, and deemed investment returns to a participant's Deferred Compensation Plan account are generally not subject to Federal income tax, and we will not receive a deduction for the amounts deferred or allocated to a participant's account, until those amounts are distributed pursuant to the Deferred Compensation Plan.

        We will distribute the balance of a participant's Deferred Compensation Plan account attributable to our contributions upon the later of the participant's separation from service or age 55, or upon the occurrence of an unforeseeable hardship (in an amount necessary to address the hardship). We will distribute the balance of the participant's Deferred Compensation Plan account attributable to employee contributions upon the participant's separation from service, whether or not the participant has attained age 55, or upon the occurrence of an unforeseeable hardship (in an amount necessary to address the hardship). The distribution will be in a lump sum or up to ten installments, as elected by the participant, except that the distribution will automatically be made in a lump sum in the case of a hardship distribution or if the participant's account balance is less than $25,000 at the time a separation from service. Participants also may elect in advance to have all or a portion of their own contributions distributed prior to a separation from service upon a designated date, subject to requirements specified in the Deferred Compensation Plan. Such distributions may be made in a lump sum or in up to five installments. Although we currently intend to fund our obligations under the Deferred Compensation Plan using corporate-owned life insurance policies, our obligations to make distributions under the Deferred Compensation Plan are our general, unsecured obligations and rank equally with our other unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness.

Potential Payments upon Termination or Change of Control

        The information below describes certain compensation and benefits to which our named executive officers are entitled in the event their employment is terminated under certain circumstances and/or a change of control occurs. See the table at the end of this section for the amount of compensation and benefits that would have become payable under existing plans and contractual arrangements assuming a termination of employment and/or change of control had occurred on December 31, 2018 assuming a

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market value of our common stock on that date of $35.89 (which was the closing sale price of a share of our common stock on the last trading day of the year) given the named executive officers' compensation and service levels as of such date. There can be no assurance that an actual triggering event would produce the same or similar results as those estimated if such event occurs on any other date or at any other price, or if any other assumption used to estimate potential payments and benefits is not correct. Due to the number of factors that affect the nature and amount of any potential payments or benefits, any actual payments and benefits may be different.

Involuntary Termination Without Cause or Resignation Due to Material Breach

        As described above, we or our affiliates are, or were during 2018, a party to employment agreements with the following named executive officers: Messrs. Janik, McCormick, Hagelin and Dejana and Ms. Lauber. Under the employment agreements with our named executive officers other than Mr. Dejana, if we terminate the executive's employment without Cause (as defined below), or if the executive were to terminate his or her employment due to a Material Breach (as defined below) by us, the executive would be entitled to receive severance benefits consisting of base salary continuation. Under such circumstances, each of Messrs. Janik and McCormick (following the amendment and restatement of his employment agreement in 2019) would be entitled to 24 months of his base salary, and each of Messrs. McCormick (prior to the amendment and restatement of his employment agreement in 2019) and Hagelin, and Ms. Lauber would be entitled to 12 months of his or her base salary, in each case paid monthly. Any unvested stock options scheduled to vest at the next applicable vesting date would vest pro-rata according to the number of months the executive was employed during the relevant vesting period. We would also continue each executive's benefits for one year at the executive's election and cost. Additionally, Messrs. Janik and McCormick and Ms. Lauber would also have been entitled to receive a pro-rated portion of his or her annual performance bonus for the year of termination. Under the employment agreement with Mr. Dejana in effect during 2018, if we were to terminate his employment without cause (as defined in his agreement), or if he were to terminate his employment due to a breach of the agreement by us, he would have been entitled to receive severance benefits consisting of accrued and unpaid bonus and benefits and base salary continuation for the remainder of the term then in effect, which had a duration of up to one year under the agreement's evergreen renewal provision. Mr. Dejana's base salary continuation would have been based on an assumed base salary of $450,000. Severance payments would generally be subject to the executive's compliance with certain non-competition, non-solicitation and confidentiality covenants (described in more detail below) during the period severance payments are being made. As described above, in March 2019, we entered into a retirement agreement with Mr. Dejana pursuant to which he is expected to retire effective as of April 19, 2019.

        Under the employment agreements with the named executive officers other than Mr. Dejana, "Cause" means the occurrence or existence of any of the following with respect to an executive, as determined in good faith by a majority of the disinterested members of our Board of Directors: (a) a material breach by the executive of any of his or her material obligations under the employment agreement which remains uncured after the lapse of 30 days following the date that we have given the executive written notice thereof; (b) a material breach by the executive of his or her duty not to engage in any transaction that represents, directly or indirectly, self-dealing with us or any of our respective affiliates which has not been approved by a majority of the disinterested members of our Board of Directors, if in any such case such material breach remains uncured after the lapse of 30 days following the date that we have given the executive written notice thereof; (c) the repeated material breach by the executive of any material duty referred to in clause (a) or (b) above as to which at least two (2) written notices have been given pursuant to such clause (a) or (b); (d) any act of misappropriation, embezzlement, intentional fraud or similar conduct involving us; (e) the conviction or the plea of nolo contendere or the equivalent in respect of a felony involving moral turpitude; (f) intentional infliction of any damage of a material nature to any of our property; or (g) the repeated non-prescription abuse of any controlled substance or the repeated abuse of alcohol or any other non-controlled substance which, in any case described in this clause, our Board of Directors reasonably determines renders the executive unfit to serve us as an officer or employee.

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        Under the employment agreements with our named executive officers other than Mr. Dejana, the executive has the right to terminate his employment if (a) we fail to perform a material condition or covenant of the employment agreement that remains uncured after an applicable cure period or (b) we repeatedly fail to perform a material condition or covenant of the employment agreement as to which at least two written notices have been given by the executive (each of clause (a) and (b), a "Material Breach"). Additionally, under Mr. Janik's employment agreement, Material Breach also includes the relocation of his principal place of performance to outside the Milwaukee, Wisconsin metropolitan area without his prior written consent.

        Each of the named executive officers other than Mr. Dejana is subject to a non-competition obligation that prevents the executive officer from working for our competitors, a non-solicit obligation that prevents the executive officer from soliciting our customers or employees and a confidentiality obligation, in each case for two years after termination of employment. Mr. Dejana is subject to a non-competition obligation that prevents him from working for our competitors, a non-solicit obligation that prevents him from soliciting our employees, in each case for three years after termination of employment, and a perpetual nondisclosure provision.

Termination due to Death, Disability or Retirement

        Under the employment agreements, if the executive's employment terminates due to death, Disability (as defined below) or retirement, the executive would generally not be entitled to severance benefits except as follows. In the event of an executive's death, we would be obligated to continue coverage of such executive's dependents (if any) under all benefit plans and programs for a period of six months at no charge to the dependents. Additionally, under the Annual Incentive Plan, in the event of termination due to death or Disability and, in the case of Messrs. Janik or McCormick, his retirement, each executive (or his beneficiaries) would be entitled to receive a prorated portion of his annual performance bonus for the year of termination. The restricted stock units that we granted to the named executive officers in March 2016, 2017, and 2018 also provide for continued vesting upon retirement after age 65 or after age 55 with ten years of service. The performance share units that we granted to the named executive officers in 2018 also provide for potential full vesting upon a retirement at least six months after the grant date, contingent on actual performance through the end of the performance period, and potential pro rata vesting at the target level upon a termination as a result of death or disability at least six months after the grant date.

        Under the employment agreements, "Disability" means a disability that renders the executive unable to perform the essential functions of his position, even with reasonable accommodation, for a period of 60 consecutive days or for 90 days within any 180-day period.

Change of Control

        Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units.    Under the terms of the 2010 Stock Plan, in the event of a change of control (as defined below), the Compensation Committee or our Board, in its discretion, may, among other alternatives, accelerate the vesting of all of the then-unvested shares of restricted stock held by each of our named executive officers. Under the terms of the restricted stock unit award agreements, the vesting of then-unvested restricted stock units that are continued, assumed or substituted in the change of control will not automatically accelerate unless the executive's employment is terminated other than for serious misconduct or the executive resigns for good reason within 24 months after the change of control. If the restricted stock units are not continued, assumed or substituted, then vesting will be accelerated upon the change of control.

        Performance Share Units.    Under the terms of the 2010 Stock Plan, in the event of a change of control (as defined below), the Compensation Committee or our Board, in its discretion, may, among other alternatives, accelerate the vesting of all of the then-unvested performance share units held by

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each of our named executive officers. Under the terms of the performance share unit award agreements, the vesting of then unvested performance share units that are continued, assumed or substituted in the change of control will not automatically accelerate unless the executive's employment is terminated other than for serious misconduct or the executive resigns for good reason within 24 months after the change of control, but they will be converted into time-vesting restricted stock units at the target level if the change of control occurs within the first year of the performance period or at the actual performance level if the change of control occurs after the first year. If the performance share units are not continued, assumed or substituted in the change of control, the performance share units will become earned and vested (1) assuming target performance if the change of control occurs within the first year of the performance period; or (2) at actual performance through the date of the change of control if the change of control occurs on or after the first year of the performance period.

        For purposes of the 2010 Stock Plan, a "change of control" means any time (1) any person, other than certain affiliates, becomes the beneficial owner of 50% or more of the combined voting power of our outstanding voting securities; (2) during any period of two consecutive years, the majority of our Board of Directors changes (other than through Board-approved appointments); (3) certain extraordinary transactions involving our Company become effective or are consummated; or (4) a sale, transfer or any other disposition (including, without limitation, by way of spin-off, distribution, complete liquidation or dissolution) of all or substantially all of our business and/or assets to an unrelated third party is consummated.

        The table below sets forth the estimated value of the potential payments to each of the named executive officers, assuming the executive's employment had terminated on December 31, 2018 and/or that a change of control had occurred on that date, and assuming that the vesting of all unvested restricted stock, restricted stock unit and performance share unit awards was accelerated upon a change of control. The figures in the table below are based on the employment agreements in effect on

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December 31, 2018, as required by SEC regulations, and therefore do not take into account any modifications to the agreements or subsequent agreements entered into after that date.

Name
  Termination
without
cause or
resignation
for material
breach
  Termination
due to
death
  Termination
due to
disability
  Termination
due to
retirement
  Change of
control
 

James L. Janik

                               

Severance

  $ 1,366,645                  

Dependent COBRA Coverage

      $ 8,709              

Annual Incentive Plan Bonus

  $ 594,383   $ 594,383   $ 594,383   $ 594,383      

Restricted Stock and Units(1)

                  $ 1,822,387  

Performance Share Units(1)

                  $ 765,294  

Robert L. McCormick

                               

Severance

  $ 953,135                  

Dependent COBRA Coverage

      $ 8,709              

Annual Incentive Plan Bonus

      $ 318,416   $ 318,416          

Restricted Stock and Units(1)

                  $ 825,183  

Performance Share Units(1)

                  $ 364,437  

Sarah C. Lauber

                               

Severance

  $ 376,542                  

Dependent COBRA Coverage

      $ 8,709              

Annual Incentive Plan Bonus

      $ 254,730   $ 254,730          

Restricted Stock and Units(1)

                  $ 236,695  

Performance Share Units(1)

                  $ 218,655  

Keith Hagelin

                               

Severance

  $ 148,185                  

Dependent COBRA Coverage

      $ 8,709              

Annual Incentive Plan Bonus

      $ 270,267   $ 270,267          

Restricted Stock and Units(1)

                  $ 440,478  

Performance Share Units(1)

                  $ 175,840  

Andrew Dejana

                               

Severance

  $ 460,205                  

Dependent COBRA Coverage

      $ 8,022              

Annual Incentive Plan Bonus

  $ 150,000   $ 150,000   $ 150,000          

Restricted Stock and Units(1)

                  $ 86,351  

Performance Share Units(1)

                  $ 121,479  

(1)
Based on a market value as of December 31, 2018 of $35.89 per share, which was the closing sale price of a share of our common stock on the last trading day of 2018. Includes unvested shares of restricted stock or restricted stock units that were unvested as of December 31, 2018.

Risk Assessment of our Compensation Policies and Practices

        On an annual basis, our senior management team reviews all of our compensation policies and practices, including the incentives that they create and factors that may reduce the likelihood of excessive risk taking, to determine whether they present a significant risk to our Company. Management then reviews its findings with our Compensation Committee. Based on the most recent review, management and our Compensation Committee concluded that the risks arising from our compensation policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our Company. Specifically, management and our Compensation Committee took into consideration as part

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of its review the fact that the compensation programs contain many design features that mitigate the likelihood of inducing excessive risk-taking behavior. These features include a balance of fixed and variable compensation, with variable compensation tied both to short-term objectives and the long-term value of our Company, and multiple metrics in our incentive programs that balance profitability, cash management and other key business objectives.

Pay Ratio

        As required by Item 402(u) of Regulation S-K, we are providing the following information about the ratio of the median annual total compensation of our employees and the annual total compensation of Mr. Janik, our chief executive officer. For the year ended December 31, 2018:

        We identified our median employee by examining wages reported in Box 1 on Form W-2 for all individuals employed by us on December 31, 2018, whether full-time, part-time, or on a seasonable basis, except that, in reliance on the "de minimis" exemption, we excluded from our employee population any employee located in China. As of December 31, 2018, we had 12 employees located in China, which constituted less than 5% of our 1,663 total employees. The total number of our U.S. employees on December 31, 2018 irrespective of the de minimis exception, and used for the de minimis calculation, was 1,651, and the total number of our non-U.S. employees on December 31, 2018 irrespective of the de minimis exception was 12.

        To identify our median employee, we annualized wages for all permanent employees who were hired after January 1, 2018, as permitted by SEC rules. Once we identified our median employee, we added together all of the elements of such employee's compensation for 2018 in the same way that we calculate the annual total compensation of our named executive officers in the Summary Compensation Table. To calculate our ratio, we then divided Mr. Janik's annual total compensation reported in the Summary Compensation Table by the annual total compensation of our median employee.

Director Compensation

        During 2017, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee undertook a review of our non-employee director compensation with the assistance of FW Cook and determined that our annual director compensation was below market compared to our Peer Group. Based on this finding, our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee approved the compensation arrangements for our non-employee directors described below, which are reflected in the following table:

        We also reimburse all directors for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at Board and committee meetings. The restricted stock units are granted on the first business day of

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each calendar year. The restricted stock units and the underlying shares are issued to our outside directors pursuant to our 2010 Stock Plan.

        The table below sets forth information regarding the compensation of our directors for 2018.

Name
  Fees
Earned
or Paid in
Cash
  Stock
Awards(1)
  Option
Awards
  Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
  Change in
Pension
Value and Non-
Qualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
  All Other
Compensation
  Total  

James L. Janik(2)

                             

James D. Staley

  $ 85,000   $ 74,897                   $ 159,987  

James L. Packard

  $ 60,000   $ 74,897                   $ 134,987  

Donald Sturdivant

  $ 70,000   $ 74,897                   $ 144,987  

Kenneth W. Krueger

  $ 74,000   $ 74,897                   $ 148,987  

Margaret Dano

  $ 70,000   $ 74,897                   $ 144,987  

(1)
Reflects the grant date fair value of restricted stock unit awards as determined pursuant to ASC Topic 718. See Note 13, Stock-based Compensation, in the notes to the consolidated financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Each outside director received 2,005 restricted stock units.

(2)
Mr. Janik, who served as our President and Chief Executive Officer during 2018, was not compensated for being a director of our Company in 2018.

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COMPENSATION COMMITTEE REPORT

        The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the above Compensation Discussion and Analysis with our management and, based on such review and discussion, has recommended to our Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in our proxy statement for our Annual Meeting.

  COMPENSATION COMMITTEE

 

Donald W. Sturdivant (Chairman)
Margaret S. Dano
Kenneth W. Krueger
James L. Packard
James D. Staley

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ADVISORY VOTE ON THE COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
(Proposal 2)

        Under legislation enacted by Congress we are required to hold a non-binding advisory stockholder vote on a resolution approving the compensation of our named executive officers, which we refer to as a "say on pay" vote. In keeping with the recommendation of our Board of Directors and the preference expressed by our stockholders in 2017, we hold a say on pay vote on an annual basis. Accordingly, we are again seeking input from our stockholders in 2019 through this advisory vote on the compensation of our named executive officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis and the accompanying compensation tables and narrative discussion contained in this proxy statement. Our next advisory vote will be held in 2020.

        As indicated by the Compensation Discussion and Analysis and accompanying disclosures, executive compensation is an important matter both to us and, we believe, to our stockholders. We believe that a skilled, experienced and dedicated senior management team is essential to the future performance of our Company and to building stockholder value. We have sought to establish competitive compensation programs that enable us to attract and retain executive officers with these qualities as well as to motivate management to maximize performance while building stockholder value.

        As described in greater detail in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, we compensate our named executive officers through both short term cash programs, including annual salary and an annual incentive plan, and long term incentive programs, reflecting a mix of fixed and variable compensation. Although our compensation program provides for a mix of both short- and long-term compensation and cash and non-cash compensation, we do not have any specific policy on those allocations. Our compensation philosophy is centered on providing an opportunity for an executive's total annual compensation to exceed what we believe is the general market level of compensation for similar executive roles. Our business is subject to variability of earnings due to year-to-year variations in snowfall. Accordingly, we have designed our compensation program to provide for a competitive annual salary while offering our named executive officers the opportunity to earn a substantial amount of variable compensation based on our profitability. This program aligns named executive officer compensation with our variable earnings model and is intended to differentiate us from our competitors when attracting and motivating our executives.

        Our Board requests the support of our stockholders for the compensation of our named executive officers as disclosed in this proxy statement. Accordingly, for the reasons we discuss above, our Board unanimously recommends that stockholders vote in favor of the following resolution:

        The affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of shares of our common stock represented and entitled to vote at our Annual Meeting is required to approve the compensation of the named executive officers as disclosed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section and the compensation tables and narrative discussion contained in this proxy statement. Consequently, broker non-votes will have no effect on approval of the resolution, but abstentions will act as a vote against approval of the resolution.

        As this is an advisory vote, the results of the vote will not be binding on our Board, although our Compensation Committee will consider the outcome of the vote when evaluating the effectiveness of our compensation principles and practices and our Compensation Committee and our Board will review and consider the outcome of the vote when making future compensation decisions for our named executive officers.

OUR BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS A VOTE "FOR" APPROVAL OF THE COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AS DISCLOSED IN THIS PROXY STATEMENT.

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AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT

        The Audit Committee is comprised of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant and Krueger and Ms. Dano, and is chaired by Mr. Krueger. Each of Messrs. Staley, Packard, Sturdivant and Krueger and Ms. Dano are independent within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the listing standards of the NYSE. Our management is responsible for our internal controls and financial reporting process. Our independent registered public accounting firm is responsible for performing an independent audit of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with standards of The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board ("PCAOB") and issuing a report thereon. The Audit Committee is responsible for monitoring these processes and is responsible for appointing our independent registered public accounting firm, subject to stockholder ratification, and approving the terms of the independent registered public accounting firm's services.

        The Audit Committee has established a policy for the pre-approval of all audit and permissible non-audit services to be provided by the independent registered public accounting firm, which policy was also approved by our Board. The services performed by the independent registered public accounting firm in 2018 were pre-approved in accordance with the pre-approval policy and procedures adopted by the Audit Committee and approved by our Board. The Audit Committee met with our management and our independent registered public accounting firm four times during 2018.

        The Audit Committee has discussed with our independent registered public accounting firm the overall scope and plans for its independent audit. The Audit Committee reviewed and discussed our audited financial statements with management. Our management represented to the Audit Committee that our consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Discussions regarding our audited financial statements included the independent registered public accounting firm's judgments about the quality of the accounting principles, the reasonableness of significant judgments, and the clarity of the disclosures in the financial statements. The Audit Committee also discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm the matters required to be discussed by Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) Auditing Standard No. 1301 "Communication with Audit Committees" and Rule 2-07 of SEC Regulation S-X.

        Our independent registered public accounting firm provided to the Audit Committee the written disclosures and the letter required by applicable requirements of the PCAOB regarding the independent registered public accountant's communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence and the Audit Committee discussed the independent registered public accounting firm's independence with management and the independent registered public accounting firm.

        Based on the Audit Committee's discussion with management and the independent registered public accounting firm, the Audit Committee's review of the representation of management and the report of the independent registered public accounting firm to the Audit Committee, the Audit Committee recommended to our Board that the audited consolidated financial statements be included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC.

        This report shall not be deemed incorporated by reference by any general statement incorporating by reference this proxy statement into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and shall not otherwise be deemed filed under such Acts.

  AUDIT COMMITTEE

 

Kenneth Krueger (Chairman)
James D. Staley
James L. Packard
Donald W. Sturdivant
Kenneth Krueger
Margaret S. Dano

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RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC
ACCOUNTING FIRM
(Proposal 3)

        Deloitte & Touche LLP served as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2018, and has served as our independent registered public accounting firm since 2017. Representatives of Deloitte & Touche LLP are expected to be present at our Annual Meeting and will be given the opportunity to make a statement and answer appropriate questions that may be asked by stockholders.

        The Audit Committee has selected Deloitte & Touche LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2019, subject to stockholder ratification at our Annual Meeting.

        The Audit Committee Charter does not require that our stockholders ratify the selection of Deloitte & Touche LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm. We are doing so because we believe it is a matter of good corporate governance practice. If our stockholders do not ratify the selection, our Audit Committee may reconsider whether to retain Deloitte & Touche LLP, but still may retain that firm. Even if the selection is ratified, the Audit Committee, in its discretion, may change the appointment at any time during the year if it determines that such a change would be in the best interests of us and our stockholders.

        Fees billed to us by Deloitte & Touche LLP for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

Audit Fees

        The aggregate fees billed or expected to be billed by Deloitte & Touche LLP for the audit of our 2018 annual financial statements and the review of financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q in 2018 were $790,000, comprised of audit fees of $735,000 and $55,000 for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with auditing services. The aggregate fees billed by Deloitte & Touche LLP for the audit of our 2017 annual financial statements and the review of financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q in 2017 were $812,213, comprised of audit fees of $762,213 and $50,000 for out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with auditing services.

Audit-Related Fees

        There were no audit-related fees billed by Deloitte & Touche LLP in 2018 or 2017.

Tax Fees

        There were no fees billed for tax services by Deloitte & Touche LLP 2018 or 2017.

All Other Fees

        There were no other fees billed by Deloitte & Touche LLP for 2018 or 2017.

        The Audit Committee considered the non-audit services provided by Deloitte & Touche LLP and determined that the provision of such services was compatible with maintaining Deloitte & Touche LLP's independence. All services performed in connection with the fees reported under the headings Audit-Related Fees were pre-approved by the Audit Committee.

OUR BOARD UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS A VOTE "FOR" THE APPROVAL OF THE RATIFICATION OF DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP AS OUR INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM FOR 2019.

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SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE

        Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires our directors, executive officers, and persons who own more than 10% of our common stock to file with the SEC and with the NYSE reports of ownership and changes in ownership of our common stock. Directors, executive officers and greater than 10% stockholders are required by SEC regulation to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.

        Based solely on review of such reports furnished to us or written representations that no other reports were required, we believe that, during 2018, our directors and named executive officers complied with all applicable Section 16(a) filing requirements, except that a late Form 4 was filed by Robert Young on March 14, 2018 to report a restricted stock unit grant made in February 2018 and a late Form 4 was filed by Keith Hagelin on January 18, 2018 to report a purchase of shares made in March 2017.


STOCKHOLDER PROPOSALS

        A stockholder who intends to present a proposal for action at any annual meeting and who desires that such proposal be included in our proxy materials must submit the proposal to us in advance of the meeting. Proposals for our annual meeting to be held in 2020 must be received by us at our corporate offices, directed to the attention of the Corporate Secretary, no later than November 30, 2019. Under SEC rules relating to the discretionary voting of proxies at stockholder meetings, if a proponent of a matter for stockholder consideration (other than a stockholder proposal) fails to notify us at least 45 days prior to the month and day of the anniversary of mailing the prior year's proxy statement, then management proxies are allowed to use their discretionary voting authority if a proposal is raised at the annual meeting, without any discussion of the matter in the proxy statement. Therefore, any such matters must be received by us by February 13, 2020 in the case of our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders. We are not aware of any such proposals for our Annual Meeting. Our Bylaws also establish advance notice procedures as to (i) business to be brought before an annual meeting of stockholders other than by or at the direction of our Board; (ii) the nomination, other than by or at the direction of our Board, of candidates for election as directors; and (iii) the request to call a special meeting of stockholders. Under our Bylaws, written notice of stockholder proposals for our 2020 annual meeting which are not intended to be considered for inclusion in next year's annual meeting proxy materials (stockholder proposals submitted outside the processes of Rule 14a-8 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) must be received by us at our principal office, directed to the attention of the Corporate Secretary, no later than January 31, 2020 and no earlier than January 1, 2020 and must contain the information specified in our Bylaws. Any stockholder who wishes to take such action should obtain a copy of our Bylaws and may do so by written request addressed to our Corporate Secretary at our principal executive offices.


COST OF PROXY SOLICITATION

        We will pay the cost of preparing, printing and mailing proxy materials as well as the cost of soliciting proxies on behalf of our Board. In addition to using the mail services, our officers and other regular employees, without additional remuneration, may solicit proxies in person and by telephone, e-mail or facsimile transmission. We will reimburse brokers, nominees and custodians who hold our common stock in their names and who solicit proxies from the beneficial owners for out-of-pocket and reasonable clerical expenses.


OTHER MATTERS

        Pursuant to the rules of the SEC, services that deliver our communications to our stockholders through a bank, broker or other holder of record may deliver to multiple stockholders sharing the same

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address a single copy of our annual report to stockholders and this proxy statement. Upon written or oral request, we will promptly deliver a separate copy of our annual report to stockholders and/or this proxy statement to any stockholder at a shared address to which a single copy of each document was delivered. Stockholders sharing an address may also request delivery of a single copy of our annual report and/or proxy statement if they are currently receiving multiple copies of such documents. Stockholders may notify us of their requests in writing and addressed to Investor Relations, Douglas Dynamics, Inc., 7777 N. 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223, or via telephone at (414) 354-2310.

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ANNUAL REPORT

        We are mailing our Annual Report to Stockholders, including our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, with this proxy statement, although the Annual Report is not a part of this proxy statement or a part of the proxy soliciting material.

    By order of our Board of Directors,
Douglas Dynamics, Inc.

 

 

GRAPHIC

 

 

Sarah C. Lauber
Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

Milwaukee, Wisconsin
March 29, 2019

        We will furnish to any stockholder, without charge, a copy of our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K (without exhibits). Requests for our Form 10-K can be made in writing and addressed to Investor Relations, Douglas Dynamics, Inc., 7777 N. 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223, or via telephone at (414) 354-2310. The Form 10-K can also be viewed or requested on our website (www.douglasdynamics.com).

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Using a black ink pen, mark your votes with an X as shown in this example. Please do not write outside the designated areas.

 

 

 

2019 Annual Meeting Proxy Card

 

 

IF VOTING BY MAIL, SIGN, DETACH AND RETURN THE BOTTOM PORTION IN THE ENCLOSED ENVELOPE.

 

Proposals – The Board of Directors recommend a vote FOR all the nominees listed and FOR Proposals 2 and 3.

 

1. Election of Directors:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For

Withhold

 

For

Withhold

 

For

Withhold

01 - Robert L. McCormick

o

o

02 - Margaret S. Dano

o

o

03 - Donald W. Sturdivant

o

o

 

 

 

 

For

Against

Abstain

 

 

For

Against

Abstain

2. Advisory vote (non-binding) to approve the compensation of the Company's named executive officers.

o

o

o

 

3. The ratification of the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP to serve as the Company's independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2019.

o

o

o

 

 

 

 

 

 

Authorized Signatures – This section must be completed for your vote to count. Please date and sign below.

 

Please sign exactly as name(s) appears hereon. Joint owners should each sign. When signing as attorney, executor, administrator, corporate officer, trustee, guardian, or custodian, please give full title.

 

Date (mm/dd/yyyy) – Please print date below.

 

Signature 1 – Please keep signature within the box.

 

Signature 2 – Please keep signature within the box.

       /       /

 

 

 

 

 

3 2 B V

 

02Z5GB

 


 

2019 Annual Meeting Admission Ticket

2019 Annual Meeting of Douglas Dynamics, Inc. Stockholders

 

April 30, 2019, 2:00pm CT

Douglas Dynamics Distribution Center

7611 North 73rd Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53223

 

Upon arrival, please present this admission ticket and photo identification at the registration desk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF VOTING BY MAIL, SIGN, DETACH AND RETURN THE BOTTOM PORTION IN THE ENCLOSED ENVELOPE.

 

 

 

Douglas Dynamics, Inc.

 

 

Notice of 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders

Douglas Dynamics Distribution Center, 7611 North 73rd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53223

Proxy Solicited by Board of Directors for Annual Meeting – April 30, 2019

 

The undersigned hereby appoints Robert L. McCormick and Sarah C. Lauber, and either of them, each with the power of substitution, as proxies for the undersigned to attend the Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Douglas Dynamics, Inc. (“the Company”) to be held on April 30, 2019 at 2:00 p.m. local time and any adjournments or postponements thereof and to vote all shares of the common stock of the Company that the undersigned is entitled to vote upon each of the matters referenced in the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting as designated on the reverse side, and, at their discretion, upon such other matters as may properly come before the Annual Meeting.

 

If you own shares of the Company's common stock through the Douglas Dynamics, L.L.C. 401(k) Plan, your vote will provide voting instructions to the trustee(s) of the plan. If no instructions are given, the trustee(s) will vote your shares as described in the Proxy Statement.

 

WHEN PROPERLY EXECUTED, THIS PROXY WILL BE VOTED IN THE MANNER DIRECTED HEREIN. IF NO SUCH DIRECTION IS MADE, THIS PROXY WILL BE VOTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS. IMPORTANT -- THIS PROXY MUST BE SIGNED AND DATED ON THE REVERSE SIDE.

 

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Stockholder Meeting To Be Held on April 30, 2019. The Douglas Dynamics, Inc. proxy statement for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and the Annual Report to Stockholders are available at http://ir.douglasdynamics.com/index.cfm.

 

Non-Voting Items

 

Change of Address – Please print new address below.

 

Comments – Please print your comments below.