Douglas Dynamics Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results

Douglas Dynamics Reports Third Quarter 2021 Results

Nov 1, 2021

Highlights:

  • Produced Net Sales of $127.6 million
  • Recorded Diluted GAAP Earnings per Share of $0.30
  • Attachments segment continued strong year-to-date performance
  • Strong demand continues in Solutions segment driving record backlog; Production impacted by significant supply chain constraints
  • Paid $0.285 per share cash dividend on September 30, 2021

MILWAUKEE, Nov. 01, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Douglas Dynamics, Inc. (NYSE: PLOW), North America’s premier manufacturer and upfitter of work truck attachments and equipment, today announced financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2021.

“On a year-to-date basis, both segments have shown improved performance over last year, with Attachments again producing strong results,” explained Bob McCormick, President and CEO. “Our teams are striving to deliver for our customers while facing well-documented macroeconomic challenges, which are hindering our ability to effectively address the robust demand we are seeing across all of our businesses.”

“McCormick added, “The supply chain constraints, inflationary pressures, and labor market challenges we have previously discussed have all increased in recent months, and are expected to continue into 2022. We continue to implement short-term cost cutting measures including rolling plant shutdowns at certain of our Solutions locations, while positioning ourselves to address the record backlog, ultimately driving significant medium to long-term growth potential for the segment.”

Consolidated Third Quarter 2021 Results

$ in millions

(except Margins & EPS)
Q3 2021 Q3 2020
Net Sales $127.6 $133.8
Gross Profit Margin 24.0% 27.5%
     
Income from Operations $10.4 $17.6
Net Income $7.0 $9.2
Diluted EPS $0.30 $0.39
     
Adjusted EBITDA $15.5 $23.1
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 12.1% 17.2%
Adjusted Net Income $7.0 $9.8
Adjusted Diluted EPS $0.29 $0.42
  • Net Sales were lower compared to the same period last year, driven primarily by global supply chain constraints impacting production and delivery in the Solutions segment.
  • Profitability decreased year-over-year due to supply chain disruption, temporary shutdowns, labor market constraints and the timing of material and freight inflation.  
  • Selling, general and administrative expense increased $1.2 million when compared to the same quarter in the prior year due to wage and benefit inflation, plus the return of more normalized travel and marketing in our Attachments segment. These increases were slightly offset by a decrease in incentive-based compensation based on operating performance in the quarter.
  • Interest expense decreased $2.8 million to $2.2 million when compared to the same quarter in the prior year primarily due to lower interest on the term loan resulting from the June 2021 refinancing.
  • The effective tax rate was 14.6% for the quarter and 8.2% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, due to discrete tax benefits related to favorable income tax audit results.

Work Truck Attachments Segment Third Quarter 2021 Results

$ in millions

(except Adjusted EBITDA Margin)
Q3 2021 Q3 2020
Net Sales $81.4 $76.9
Adjusted EBITDA $14.8 $20.2
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 18.2% 26.2%
  • Net Sales increased by 6% primarily due to preseason price actions which were outpaced by inflation. Adjusted EBITDA decreased 27% compared to the prior year due to repeated increases in input costs during the preseason period. In addition, the manufacturing operations experienced inefficiencies due to the tight labor market. Following price increases taken at the start of pre-season, an additional price increase was implemented at the start of the fourth quarter to address this issue.
  • Despite another season of below average snowfall, 2021 preseason shipments were very strong. We are entering the fourth quarter with a larger than typical backlog of preseason orders that were delayed due to labor challenges experienced particularly in the third quarter.
  • Last year, third quarter shipments were strong due to the shift from the second quarter when operations were partially shut down due to the pandemic.   In 2021, the timing of preseason orders shifted back towards pre-pandemic levels, with a 55/45 ratio between second quarter and third quarter pre-season orders, versus an approximate 50/50 ratio in 2020.

McCormick commented, “The resiliency of our Attachments segment is remarkable. Our 2021 year-to-date results are excellent despite the last two years of both pandemic driven headwinds and below average snowfall.” In addition, dealer inventories are at their lowest levels for six years, which bodes well as we enter the snow season.”

Work Truck Solutions Segment Third Quarter 2021 Results

$ in millions

(except Adjusted EBITDA Margin)
Q3 2021 Q3 2020
Net Sales $46.3 $56.9
Adjusted EBITDA $0.7 $2.9
Adjusted EBITDA Margin 1.5% 5.1%
  • Net Sales and Adjusted EBITDA both decreased compared to the prior year primarily due to global supply chain constraints, which impacted production and deliveries. Rolling shutdowns continued at several facilities during the quarter to mitigate the impact.
  • Adjusted EBITDA was also negatively impacted by the escalation of inflation experienced during the quarter. Price increases have been implemented in Solutions, but the escalation of the costs exceeded the price realized in the quarter.
  • In light of the shortage of labor across the economy, retaining skilled employees is increasingly important for the long-term health of the business, despite the negative impact on margins.
  • Demand trends remain strong, creating record backlog levels which are more than 140% of the already record level we experienced at the end of 2020.

Dividend, Balance Sheet & Liquidity

  • A quarterly cash dividend of $0.285 per share of the Company's common stock was declared on September 7, 2021, and paid on September 30, 2021, to stockholders of record as of the close of business on September 18, 2021.
  • Net Cash used in Operating Activities for the first nine months of 2021 decreased to ($19.5) million from ($27.1) million cash used during the first nine months of 2020, due to improved operating results, slightly offset by an increase in accounts receivable related to increased sales, and higher inventories due to pulling forward purchases in anticipation of inflationary price increases and supply chain disruptions.
  • Free Cash Flow for the first nine months of 2021 increased to ($26.8) million from ($36.5) million in the corresponding period in 2020, which was primarily a result of lower cash used in operating activities and lower capital expenditures.
  • As of September 30, 2021, Douglas Dynamics maintained $69.4 million of total liquidity, comprised of $7.3 million in cash and cash equivalents and $62.1 million of borrowing availability under its revolving credit facility.

Outlook

McCormick noted, “Based on the ongoing macroeconomic headwinds impacting the entire economy, we are lowering the top end of our guidance ranges. As we look ahead to 2022, demand remains exceptionally strong, with record backlog in our Solutions segment. Coupled with the ongoing resilience of our Attachments segment, we are focused on addressing the long-term growth opportunities in our businesses.”

The 2021 financial outlook is as follows:

  • Net Sales are expected to be between $525 million and $565 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA is predicted to range from $75 million to $90 million.
  • Adjusted Earnings Per Share are expected to be in the range of $1.40 per share to $1.90 per share.
  • The effective tax rate is now expected to be approximately 15% to 17%, recognizing the discrete tax benefits that will lower the effective tax rate for 2021.
  • The outlook assumes relatively stable economic conditions, no significant deterioration in COVID-19 pandemic conditions, and that the Company’s core markets will experience close to average snowfall levels in 4Q21.

Earnings Conference Call Information

  • A conference call will occur on Tuesday, November 2, 2021 at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time (9:00 a.m. Central Time). To join the conference call, please dial (877) 369-6591 domestically, or (253) 237-1176 internationally.
  • The call will also be available via the Investor Relations section of the website at www.douglasdynamics.com. For those who cannot listen to the live broadcast, replays will be available for one week following the call.

About Douglas Dynamics

Home to the most trusted brands in the industry, Douglas Dynamics is North America’s premier manufacturer and up-fitter of commercial work truck attachments and equipment. For more than 70 years, the Company has been innovating products that not only enable people to perform their jobs more efficiently and effectively, but also enable businesses to increase profitability. Through its proprietary Douglas Dynamics Management System (DDMS), the Company is committed to continuous improvement aimed at consistently producing the highest quality products, at industry-leading levels of service and delivery that ultimately drive shareholder value. The Douglas Dynamics portfolio of products and services is separated into two segments: First, the Work Truck Attachments segment, which includes commercial snow and ice control equipment sold under the FISHER®, SNOWEX® and WESTERN® brands. Second, the Work Truck Solutions segment, which includes the up-fit of market leading attachments and storage solutions under the HENDERSON® brand, and the DEJANA® brand and its related sub-brands.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release contains financial information calculated other than in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”).  The non-GAAP measures used in this press release are Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Earnings (Loss) Per Share, and Free Cash Flow.  The Company believes that these non-GAAP measures are useful to investors and other external users of its consolidated financial statements in evaluating the Company’s operating performance as compared to that of other companies.  Reconciliations of these non-GAAP measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures can be found immediately following the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows included in this press release.

Adjusted EBITDA represents net income (loss) before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, as further adjusted for certain charges consisting of unrelated legal and consulting fees, pension termination costs, stock-based compensation, certain purchase accounting expenses, impairment charges, expenses related to debt modifications, loss on extinguishment of debt, and incremental costs incurred related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Such COVID-19 related costs include increased expenses directly related to the pandemic, and do not include either production related overhead inefficiencies or lost or deferred sales. We believe these costs are out of the ordinary, unrelated to our business and not representative of our results. The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA in evaluating the Company’s operating performance because it provides the Company and its investors with additional tools to compare its operating performance on a consistent basis by removing the impact of certain items that management believes do not directly reflect the Company’s core operations. The Company’s management also uses Adjusted EBITDA for planning purposes, including the preparation of its annual operating budget and financial projections, and to evaluate the Company’s ability to make certain payments, including dividends, in compliance with its senior credit facilities, which is determined based on a calculation of “Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA” that is substantially similar to Adjusted EBITDA.

Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Earnings (Loss) Per Share (calculated on a diluted basis) represents net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share (as defined by GAAP), excluding the impact of stock based compensation, pension termination costs, non-cash purchase accounting adjustments, impairment charges, expenses related to debt modifications, loss on extinguishment of debt, certain charges related to unrelated legal fees and consulting fees, incremental costs incurred related to the COVID-19 pandemic, adjustments on derivatives not classified as hedges, net of their income tax impact. Such COVID-19 related costs include increased expenses directly related to the pandemic, and do not include either production related overhead inefficiencies or lost or deferred sales. We believe these costs are out of the ordinary, unrelated to our business and not representative of our results. Adjustments on derivatives not classified as hedges are non-cash and are related to overall financial market conditions; therefore, management believes such costs are unrelated to our business and are not representative of our results.  Management believes that Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Earnings (Loss) Per Share are useful in assessing the Company’s financial performance by eliminating expenses and income that are not reflective of the underlying business performance.

Free Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures.  Free Cash Flow should be evaluated in addition to, and not considered a substitute for, other financial measures such as Net Income (Loss) and Net Cash Used in Operating Activities.  We believe that free cash flow represents our ability to generate additional cash flow from our business operations.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements include information relating to future events, future financial performance, strategies, expectations, competitive environment, regulation, product demand, the payment of dividends, and availability of financial resources. These statements are often identified by use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “continue,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “plan,” “project,” “predict,” “will” and similar expressions and include references to assumptions and relate to our future prospects, developments, and business strategies. Such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, weather conditions, particularly lack of or reduced levels of snowfall and the timing of such snowfall, our ability to manage general economic, business and geopolitical conditions, including the impacts of natural disasters, pandemics and outbreaks of contagious diseases and other adverse public health developments, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, our inability to maintain good relationships with our distributors, our inability to maintain good relationships with the original equipment manufacturers with whom we currently do significant business, lack of available or favorable financing options for our end-users, distributors or customers, increases in the price of steel or other materials, including as a result of tariffs, necessary for the production of our products that cannot be passed on to our distributors, increases in the price of fuel or freight, a significant decline in economic conditions, the inability of our suppliers and original equipment manufacturer partners to meet our volume or quality requirements, inaccuracies in our estimates of future demand for our products, our inability to protect or continue to build our intellectual property portfolio, the effects of laws and regulations and their interpretations on our business and financial condition, our inability to develop new products or improve upon existing products in response to end-user needs, losses due to lawsuits arising out of personal injuries associated with our products, factors that could impact the future declaration and payment of dividends, our inability to compete effectively against competition, our inability to achieve the projected financial performance with the assets of Dejana Truck & Utility Equipment Company, Inc., which we acquired in 2016, and unexpected costs or liabilities related to such acquisitions or any future acquisitions, as well as those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and any subsequent Form 10-Q filings. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. In addition, the forward-looking statements in this release speak only as of the date hereof and we undertake no obligation, except as required by law, to update or release any revisions to any forward-looking statement, even if new information becomes available in the future.

For further information contact:
Douglas Dynamics, Inc.
Nathan Elwell
847-530-0249
investorrelations@douglasdynamics.com


Financial Statements

Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Consolidated Balance Sheets  
(In thousands)  
       
       
  September 30, December 31,  
   2021  2020  
  (unaudited) (unaudited)  
       
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,340 $ 41,030  
Accounts receivable, net   124,135   83,195  
Inventories   100,134   79,482  
Inventories - truck chassis floor plan   7,916   8,146  
Refundable income taxes paid   2,552   -  
Prepaid and other current assets   5,552   5,334  
Total current assets   247,629   217,187  
       
Property, plant, and equipment, net   64,612   64,320  
Goodwill   113,134   113,134  
Other intangible assets, net   144,739   152,791  
Operating lease - right of use asset   19,080   21,441  
Non-qualified benefit plan assets   9,837   9,041  
Other long-term assets   1,203   1,288  
Total assets $ 600,234 $ 579,202  
       
Liabilities and stockholders' equity      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 16,861 $ 16,284  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   32,652   30,831  
Floor plan obligations   7,916   7,885  
Operating lease liability - current   4,623   4,326  
Income taxes payable   -   5,214  
Short term borrowings   37,000   -  
Current portion of long-term debt   11,137   1,666  
Total current liabilities   110,189   66,206  
       
Retiree benefits and deferred compensation   17,245   15,804  
Deferred income taxes   27,553   26,681  
Long-term debt, less current portion   208,747   236,676  
Operating lease liability - noncurrent   14,840   17,434  
Other long-term liabilities   11,431   16,197  
       
Total stockholders' equity   210,229   200,204  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 600,234 $ 579,202  
       


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)  
(In thousands, except share and per share data)  
             
  Three Month Period Ended   Nine Month Period Ended  
  September 30, 2021 September 30, 2020   September 30, 2021 September 30, 2020  
  (unaudited)   (unaudited)  
             
             
Net sales $ 127,636   $ 133,761     $ 388,508   $ 321,994    
Cost of sales   97,001     97,033       282,823     241,501    
Gross profit   30,635     36,728       105,685     80,493    
             
Selling, general, and administrative expense   17,607     16,428       59,488     47,435    
Impairment charges   -     -       -     127,872    
Intangibles amortization   2,642     2,737       8,052     8,214    
             
Income (loss) from operations   10,386     17,563       38,145     (103,028 )  
             
Interest expense, net   (2,167 )   (5,007 )     (9,514 )   (15,709 )  
Debt modification expense   -     (237 )     -     (3,429 )  
Loss on extinguishment of debt   -     -       (4,936 )   -    
Other income (expense), net   15     145       123     (33 )  
Income (loss) before taxes   8,234     12,464       23,818     (122,199 )  
             
Income tax expense (benefit)   1,204     3,234       1,943     (17,484 )  
             
Net income (loss) $ 7,030   $ 9,230     $ 21,875   $ (104,715 )  
             
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:            
Basic   22,980,951     22,857,457       22,945,617     22,842,777    
Diluted   22,992,793     22,878,002       22,960,334     22,842,777    
             
Earnings (loss) per share:            
Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to common shareholders $ 0.30   $ 0.40     $ 0.94   $ (4.60 )  
Earnings (loss) per common share assuming dilution attributable to common shareholders $ 0.30   $ 0.39     $ 0.92   $ (4.60 )  
Cash dividends declared and paid per share $ 0.29   $ 0.28     $ 0.86   $ 0.84    
             


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows  
(In thousands)  
       
  Nine Month Period Ended  
  September 30,
2021
September 30,
2020
 
  (unaudited)  
       
Operating activities      
Net income (loss) $ 21,875   $ (104,715 )  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization   15,235     14,704    
Gain on sale of fixed asset   (165 )   --    
Debt modification expense   --     267    
Loss on extinguishment of debt   4,936     --    
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount   770     914    
Stock-based compensation   6,025     2,768    
Adjustments on derivatives not designated as hedges   (1,020 )   3,133    
Provision for losses on accounts receivable   519     778    
Deferred income taxes   872     (18,556 )  
Impairment charges   --     127,872    
Non-cash lease expense   2,360     3,095    
Earnout liability   --     (2,017 )  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:      
Accounts receivable   (41,459 )   (36,656 )  
Inventories   (20,391 )   (16,057 )  
Prepaid assets, refundable income taxes paid and other assets   (3,545 )   (3,542 )  
Accounts payable   538     3,205    
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   (3,433 )   (962 )  
Benefit obligations and other long-term liabilities   (2,598 )   (1,313 )  
Net cash used in operating activities   (19,481 )   (27,082 )  
       
Investing activities      
Capital expenditures   (7,271 )   (9,465 )  
Net cash used in investing activities   (7,271 )   (9,465 )  
       
Financing activities      
Shares withheld on restricted stock vesting paid for employees’ taxes   --     (72 )  
Payments of financing costs   (1,371 )   (992 )  
Borrowings on long-term debt   224,438     270,875    
Dividends paid   (19,880 )   (19,411 )  
Net revolver borrowings   37,000     12,000    
Repayment of long-term debt   (247,125 )   (247,233 )  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (6,938 )   15,167    
Change in cash and cash equivalents   (33,690 )   (21,380 )  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   41,030     35,665    
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 7,340   $ 14,285    
       
Non-cash operating and financing activities      
Truck chassis inventory acquired through floorplan obligations $ 28,012   $ 27,691    
       


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Segment Disclosures (unaudited)  
(In thousands)  
                         
  Three Months
Ended September
30, 2021
  Three Months
Ended September
30, 2020
  Nine Months
Ended September
30, 2021
  Nine Months
Ended September
30, 2020
 
                         
Work Truck Attachments                        
Net Sales $ 81,373   $ 76,903     $ 227,992     $ 169,853    
Adjusted EBITDA $ 14,790   $ 20,155     $ 55,206     $ 38,527    
Adjusted EBITDA Margin   18.2%     26.2%       24.2%       22.7%    
                         
Work Truck Solutions                        
Net Sales $ 46,263   $ 56,858     $ 160,516     $ 152,141    
Adjusted EBITDA $ 700   $ 2,917     $ 4,433     $ 3,162    
Adjusted EBITDA Margin   1.5%     5.1%       2.8%       2.1%    
                         


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Free Cash Flow reconciliation (unaudited)  
(In thousands)  
   
  Three month period ended September 30,   Nine month period ended September 30,  
    2021       2020       2021       2020    
                 
Net cash used in operating activities $ (32,622 )   $ (21,058 )   $ (19,481 )   $ (27,082 )  
Acquisition of property and equipment   (2,685 )     (4,417 )     (7,271 )     (9,465 )  
Free cash flow $ (35,307 )   $ (25,475 )   $ (26,752 )   $ (36,547 )  
   


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation (unaudited)  
(In thousands)  
   
  Three month period ended September 30,   Nine month period ended September 30,  
    2021     2020     2021     2020    
                 
Net income (loss) $ 7,030   $ 9,230   $ 21,875   $ (104,715 )  
                 
Interest expense - net   2,167     5,007     9,514     15,709    
Income tax expense (benefit)   1,204     3,234     1,943     (17,484 )  
Depreciation expense   2,380     2,170     7,183     6,490    
Intangibles amortization   2,642     2,737     8,052     8,214    
EBITDA   15,423     22,378     48,567     (91,786 )  
                           
Stock-based compensation   5     199     6,025     2,768    
Impairment charges   -     -     -     127,872    
Debt modification expense   -     237     -     3,429    
Loss on extinguishment of debt   -     -     4,936     -    
COVID-19 (1)   12     157     67     1,322    
Purchase accounting (2)   -     -     -     (2,017 )  
Other charges (3)   50     101     44     101    
Adjusted EBITDA $ 15,490   $ 23,072   $ 59,639   $ 41,689    
                 
(1) Reflects incremental costs incurred related to the COVID-19 pandemic for the periods presented. 
(2) Reflects $2,000 reversal of earn-out compensation acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of Dejana in the periods presented. Reflects $17 reversal of earn-out compensation in conjunction with the acquisition of Henderson in the periods presented. 
(3) Reflects one time, unrelated legal and consulting fees for the periods presented. 


Douglas Dynamics, Inc.  
Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted Net Income (Loss) (unaudited)  
(In thousands, except share and per share data)  
   
  Three month period ended
September 30,
  Nine month period ended
September 30,
 
    2021       2020       2021       2020    
                 
Net income (loss) $ 7,030     $ 9,230     $ 21,875     $ (104,715 )  
Adjustments:                
Stock based compensation   5       199       6,025       2,768    
Impairment charges   -       -       -       127,872    
Debt modification expense   -       237       -       3,429    
Loss on extinguishment of debt   -       -       4,936       -    
COVID-19 (1)   12       157       67       1,322    
Purchase accounting (2)   -       -       -       (2,017 )  
Adjustments on derivative not classified as hedge (3)   (171 )     76       (1,020 )     3,133    
Other charges (4)   50       101       44       101    
Tax effect on adjustments   26       (192 )     (2,513 )     (22,202 )  
Adjusted net income (loss) $ 6,952     $ 9,808     $ 29,414     $ 9,691    
                 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding   22,980,951       22,857,457       22,945,617       22,866,909    
Weighted average common shares outstanding assuming dilution   22,992,793       22,878,002       22,960,334       22,866,909    
                 
Adjusted earnings (loss) per common share - dilutive $ 0.29     $ 0.42     $ 1.24     $ 0.41    
                 
GAAP diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.30     $ 0.39     $ 0.92     $ (4.60 )  
Adjustments net of income taxes:                
Stock based compensation   -       0.01       0.20       0.09    
Impairment charges   -       -       -       4.72    
Debt modification expense   -       0.01       -       0.11    
Loss on extinguishment of debt   -       -       0.16       -    
COVID-19 (1)   -       0.01       -       0.05    
Purchase accounting (2)   -       -       -       (0.07 )  
Adjustments on derivative not classified as hedge (3)   (0.01 )     -       (0.04 )     0.11    
Other charges (4)   -       -       -       -    
                 
Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.29     $ 0.42     $ 1.24     $ 0.41    
                 
(1) Reflects incremental costs incurred related to the COVID-19 pandemic for the periods presented.  
(2) Reflects $2,000 reversal of earn-out compensation acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of Dejana in the periods presented. Reflects $17 reversal of earn-out compensation in conjunction with the acquisition of Henderson in the periods presented.  
(3) Reflects non-cash mark-to-market and amortization adjustments on an interest rate swap not classified as a hedge for the periods presented.  
(4) Reflects one time, unrelated legal and consulting fees for the periods presented.  

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Source: Douglas Dynamics, Inc.